Регрессионное моделирование паттернов посещения детских досуговых центров московскими семьями с детьми
The article briefly describes a study of Moscow families’s with children consumption of services of developing centers’ and leisure centers’ for children, in particular how different characteristics of families with children and the parents’ characteristics influence the patterns of their visiting leisure centers for children; describes the essence of regression modeling, considers the phenomenon of statistical interaction and its effects in regression modeling. Among conclusions of the article: completeness of the family, its standard of living, education and social status of the parents affect on patterns of Moscow families’ with children visiting leisure centers for children; this influence is probabilistically assessed, these assessments can be a basement for predictions.
Several approaches to the concept of fatherhood present in Western sociological tradition are analyzed and compared: biological determinism, social constructivism and biosocial theory. The problematics of fatherhood and men’s parental practices is marginalized in modern Russian social research devoted to family and this fact makes the traditional inequality in family relations, when the father’s role is considered secondary compared to that of mother, even stronger. However, in Western critical men’s studies several stages can be outlined: the development of “sex roles” paradigm (biological determinism), the emergence of the hegemonic masculinity concept, inter-disciplinary stage (biosocial theory). According to the approach of biological determinism, the role of a father is that of the patriarch, he continues the family line and serves as a model for his ascendants. Social constructivism looks into man’s functions in the family from the point of view of masculine pressure and establishing hegemony over a woman and children. Biosocial theory aims to unite the biological determinacy of fatherhood with social, cultural and personal context. It is shown that these approaches are directly connected with the level of the society development, marriage and family perceptions, the level of egality of gender order.