Стратификация как основа инженерии технологий компьютерной поддержки принятия государственных решений в пенсионной сфере
In this work is presented a new approach to the designing of intelligent systems of the control of the shareholder value for the vertical-integrated Financial Corporation (VIFK). Developed system based on using of system-dynamics methods for the simulation of the synergic interaction between different business directions of VIFK for the target of shareholder value maximization. Note, the described system has been successfully introduced in biggest Russian banking groups and it is used for the preparing of strategic decisions.
Russland ist eine alternde Gesellschaft. Mit der späten Lebensphase beschäftigte sich primär die Medizin. Das Bild vom Alter war negativ. Erst seit den 1990er Jahren kommt das Bild in Bewegung. Das ist ein Verdienst der sozialpsychologisch orientierten Gerontologie. Der sozioökonomische Umbruch verschärfte die sozialen Probleme, öffnete aber auch neue Wege zu deren Bewältigung. Heute gibt es in Russland soziale Dienste, deren Qualität aber an mangelhaften gesetzlichen Grundlagen, lückenhafter Ausbildung des Personals und dem Fehlen zivilgesellschaftlicher Institutionen krankt.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.