Северный широтный ход: исторические вехи, логистические и социально-экономические перспективы использования пути
Logistics infrastructure development drives the national welfare growth. Transportation plays a significant role in logistics infrastructure as it helps to realize one of the main logistics functions – management of material flow between two different points. Taking into consideration the length of Russian Federation as well as variety of climatic and natural conditions, it is obvious that railway prevails as it is unaffected by external impact and has several economic advantages over other modes of transport. The article demonstrates the need for speedy execution of the project well known as Northern Latitudinal Railway. Moreover it is investigated general socioeconomic and logistics consequences of appearance of Transpolar alternative to Trans-Siberian Railway.
The article analyzes the structure of trade flows, transport and logistics infrastructure and discussed the prospects of development of regional logistics system
The topicality of the paper is defined by the world trends of economic development accompanied by the growth of urban population and the formation of agglomerations. Moscow agglomeration has a leading development potential among others.
Uncoordinated and unbalanced policies of various government agencies and monopolies as well as business structures can lead to irrational expenditure of investments and negatively affect the public interests: environment, level of prices for consumer goods and services, level of service, imbalance of labor market, aggravation of problems related to the labor migration. In long-run perspective it may lead to a slowdown or even a reduction in the gross regional product.
The article considers main stages of urbanization, models of urban environment development (functional distribution of infrastructure), spatial development of agglomerations (mono- and polycentric agglomerations), and main risks associated with the development of Moscow agglomeration according to the adopted model.
The work focuses on the necessity to clarify the boundaries of the Moscow agglomeration when the interests of nearby territorial entities are under consideration and projects of logistics and manufacturing infrastructure development are planned.
Based on the program and reports it was evaluated the effectiveness of remedies to develop Moscow agglomeration implemented by state and municipal authorities. As well, it was analyzed the potential impact of remedies on the interests of industries and social spheres that are related to the implementation of these projects.
In particular, it is shown the data on the level of development and geographical distribution of regional warehouse infrastructure, the provision of freight rail infrastructure, the problem with staffing issues in the logistics sector and the migration situation in the Moscow region.
The conducted research confirms the necessity to elaborate transport and logistics system in Moscow agglomeration taking into account all risks associated with side-effects of the program.
There are some key conclusions are received in the article among which: 1) it is required to coordinate programs on the level of the whole agglomeration and industries whose performance indicators reflect the decisions made; 2) the transport and the logistics system of Moscow agglomeration should be developed taking into account all risks associated with the side-effects of the program; 3) the second proposition can be realized via the creation of a center responsible for the development of various agglomerations; 4) the center mentioned in the point three should include not only state and municipal authorities, but also science and business in order to coordinate programs at different levels, provide methodical support and collect data which will be used to monitor and evaluate the effectiveness of projects.
The main objective of the guidebook is to examine financial instruments available within the Northern Dimension area for financing projects of cross-border transport and logistics infrastructure and to develop guidelines for co-financing mechanism. The gudelines assist the members, project managers and project promoters of the Northern Dimension Partnership on Transport and Logistics in applying the financial instruments that pull together the EU and national public and private funding, and to increase the successful implementation of the projects.
The Russian market of logistics services suffered substantial losses during recent economic recession. Decrease in import from the EU and the USA, reduction of consumer spending within the country, increased borrowing costs led to sharp reduction in the growth rate of the investigated market value. Shortage of the modern infrastructure, fragmentation and imbalance of the Russian logistics market have contributed badly.
This article focuses on identification of the promising strategic development directions for logistics service providers operating on the Russian market. On the basis of literature survey, the authors derive attractive client groups for 3PL operators, priority regions for geographical expansion as well as high-demand logistics and related services. The results of this survey could help logistics agents to define or clarify their market positioning and serve as a basis for further study of specific features in logistics outsourcing development in Russia.
The chapter explores financial instruments and models that can be used to fund projects concerning the development of logistics infrastrucure in Russia. The authors review such sources as Investment fund of the Russian Federation, regional investment and road funds, funds of the EU and international financial institutions, private investment as well as special preparation funds. Different kinds of public-private partnership with reference to the logistics infrastructure projects are described and thoroughly analyzed.
Sustainable regional economic growth depends on many different factors and one of the cores is its security by the infrastructure. The question of infrastructure is quite complicated both for the analysis – because the infrastructure needs to be analyzed as a complex of objects, and for the business infrastructure projects are usually huge investing projects. The aim of this research is to conduct a comprehensive Saint Petersburg Logistics Infrastructure analysis.
This article analyzes the development of retail chain market in Russia in the context of building an efficient logistics infrastructure in the distribution. Key market trends specific to the current stage of retail trade development and the main factors influencing the change in the retail market in Russia (the growth of competition, increase of the share of the largest network operators, active entry of world's online retailers into the Russian market and others) are analyzed. There are the following main trends of the market marked in the article: open of new stores, extension of market coverage and expansion of logistics infrastructure, in particular, development of distribution centers and other storage facilities.
It is recommended for retail operators how to design and re-engineer its own distribution network in the article. It is shown the way of interaction between departments of trading company, especially with logistics one, regarding decision of strategic tasks of effective distribution network design. Approaches how to evaluate the effectiveness of logistics distribution network reorganization are assessed.
It is proposed an algorithm of distribution network design (reengineering) which comprises three main stages: analysis and evaluation of the existing logistics distribution network; identification of key areas of logistics distribution network reorganization; the reorganization (or design) of the optimal logistics distribution network
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.