Зависимость в близких межличностных отношениях: экзистенциально-феноменологический анализ
Phenomenological analysis of interviews with respondents experiencing dependence in close interpersonal relationships allowed to develop a structural model of the phenomenon by discerning invariant and variable components of dependence in close interpersonal relationship between a man and a woman. A special attention to the never-ending vicious circle “closeness – estrangement” specific to dependent relationships is given. It is shown that differentiation of interpersonal dependence is based on the type of the deficiency that is characterized by the specific need of compensation by the partner from whom one depends. This deficiency corresponds to the content of the fundamental existential motivations: lack in support, lack of experience of life, lack in self-acceptance and self-esteem. In come cases a combination of deficits of the first three fundamental motivations can be observed. The deficit of meaning was present in all cases of dependence. According to the given integral model it is possible to specify the structure of dependence, to discern between different types of dependence according to the compensated deficits, and to offer individualized approaches of prevention and psychological assistance.