Работа в разноуровневых группах: проблемы и возможности их решения
The article considers methods to manage mixed ability groups. It point at advantages and disadvantages of each way of teaching. However, to achieve any results a method should be chosen in combination with open discussions on the lesson.
English Language and Anglophone Literatures Today (3): Book of Abstracts
Russia's participation in the Bologna process led to the need to adapt training programs for bachelors, as well as teaching methods in accordance with the need to build bachelors’ core competencies in management studies. In these circumstances it is important for both teachers and students to change the form of joint participation in the process of delivering and acquiring knowledge. The teacher cannot only translate knowledge, since in this case students should behave as independently functioning and decision-making subjects. Otherwise, they will not be able to master the necessary competencies and will not possess the qualities necessary for managers. One solution to this problem is using interactive teaching methods, such as role-playing, case studies, videos, case studies, business games, design methods, and others. All these methods are aimed at the acquisition and interpretation of experience. The “Learning by Doing” approach, which is the basis for interactive technologies, opens great opportunities for semantic construction of the educational process and bringing it closer to real life. When doing the research, the authors developed a model of competencies that are formed during the "Developing Management Decisions" course. In the analysis of interactive methods we correlated competences that are to be formed at the end of the course and those formed by means of using interactive methods. Besides, the authors developed and tested some role-playing and simulation business games. We developed and tested the "Interactive Lecture" method; we formed a sufficient database of interactive methods that are obligatorily included in all seminars. Moreover, we conducted studies eliciting managerial qualities that undergraduate students possess before and after interactive classes. Finally, we reviewed and analyzed the dynamics of these changes.
The volume comprises research articles prepared on basis of presentations for two conference held in Narva College of the University of Tartu in 2012. The large scope of articles attracts wider audience interested in border and English studies. The first part (Crossing Borders: Dialogue of Languages and Cultures) consists of articles which are united under three topics: History of Evolvement of Border Regions; Identity Issues of the Population of Border Regions; and Multicultural Education and Practices of Educational Institutions of Border Regions . The second part (Teaching English and Teaching in English) includes articles which discuss problems and issues of content and language integrated learning, teacher education in the multilingual world and English language teaching and learning. This structure allows to reach a wider scientific audience to acquaint it with good practices and interdisciplinary research on border issues in various areas from the historical, cultural, educational and linguistic perspectives.
The following new scientific statements and methods are described: (a) why it is necessary to differentiate the methods of teaching in accordance with preponderant values of the learners: pragmatic (material) values or sublime (lofty) values; (b) how to split young children in two groups: children with preponderance of pragmatic values and with preponderance of sublime values; (c) how to differentiate the methods of teaching for each of these groups; (d) what is cognitive engagement of the learners and how to achieve it at lessons for educational success in case of each of two values-homogeneous groups. The paper presents a new look at the process of education when the values of the student act like a lighthouse for the teacher at the moment of presenting material and arranging the process of education, the process of acquiring knowledge. As a result, a new psychological and educational paradigm is presented. This new paradigm expands theoretical foundations of cognitonics - a new scientific discipline aiming at compensating the negative shifts in the cognitive-emotional development of personality and society caused by stormy progress of information and communication technologies and globalization processes.
Institutions affect investment decisions, including investments in human capital. Hence institutions are relevant for the allocation of talent. Good market-supporting institutions attract talent to productive value-creating activities, whereas poor ones raise the appeal of rent-seeking. We propose a theoretical model that predicts that more talented individuals are particularly sensitive in their career choices to the quality of institutions, and test these predictions on a sample of around 95 countries of the world. We find a strong positive association between the quality of institutions and graduation of college and university students in science, and an even stronger negative correlation with graduation in law. Our findings are robust to various specifications of empirical models, including smaller samples of former colonies and transition countries. The quality of human capital makes the distinction between educational choices under strong and weak institutions particularly sharp. We show that the allocation of talent is an important link between institutions and growth.