Анализ эффективности механизмов стимулирования публикационной активности российских ученых
The activity in publications, in particular the total number of publications and the citation index are important criteria for evaluation of efficiency of universities and R&D institutes activities. The paper presents the results analysis of correlation between publication activity and financial support and the financial motivation for staff. The financial mechanisms for supporting scientific research considered as factors, which influenced to the activity in publication of Russian scientists.
Some methodological aspects of the scientific-technical complex inventory survey are considered. The status of the material-technical base and intangible assets was analyzed. The unique stands and installations, equipment's age structure, specialized buildings and constructions were studied as part of the fixed assets. The indicators of the state of art, development and usage of the experimental base of science are presented. The institutional structure of the science, including information about innovation and integrated subdivisions of science and education are characterized.
This paper discusses some aspects of career planning in science. Based on the results of the sociological survey, key elements that form researcher's «career path» are examined: education level, career promotion, changes in place of employment. Synthesis of micro data allows to revaluate the basic trends, recorded by statistics of scientific labour force.
In the article the classification of indicators of efficiency of scientific activity, and also the list of criteria which they should satisfy are suggested. The indicator of productivity of scientific activity used in Russia (IPSA) is analyzed and its limitation for measurement of the results of scientific activity is proved. New IPSA, the technique of their calculation and the way of calculation of the wages of the faculty on the basis of these indicators are worked out.
scientific activity, a productivity indicator, a citing index, the impact factor