Российский опыт использования моделей управления по результатам в системе образования
The way that local authorities in OECD countries compare and benchmark their performance varies widely. This paper explains some of the reasons behind the variations. The current local government benchmarking schemes in Europe—their governance, coverage and impact—largely depend on the institutional characteristics of the respective administrative and local government systems (in other words, the starting conditions).
The book contains abstracts of papers presented at the Third Saburov reading. Most of them develop ideas and topics specifically related to the life and works of Eugene F. Saburov (1946-2009) - statesman, reformer, a prominent organizer of education, writer and poet. Like the preceding Saburov readings, in a statement reflected the problems of innovation and reform in the Russian society. A prominent place is given to the results and prospects of the reform of education are analyzed its regional aspects, financial and economic mechanisms.
This article elucidates the problems and directions of the development of the public assignment in the sphere of science in the context of international experience of financing the public sector of science. It considers the major international trends in the financing of the public scientific sector within the framework of the New Public Management (NPM) concept and main side effects that appear alongside long-term implementation of NPM principles and also problems of implementation of NPM principles in the Russian public scientific institutions and universities. There are some recommendations aimed at preventing the negative effects of NPM principles implementation identified through the analysis of appropriate international experience.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.