Снова о теле короля. Некоторые особенности поэтики оттоновской книжной миниатюры
The article deals with a famous representation of Otto III in apotheosis together with the monk Liuthar, responsible for the execution of the beautiful Gospels-book, donated to the Aachen Chapel ca. 996. It opens with a methodological discussion of modern approaches to medieval art, and especially the applicability of the post-medieval notion of “space”, that the author proposes to substitute for “places” and “plans”. Operating with these notions, he gives a minute description of the miniature on two opposite pages as an unseparable, meaningful unity, where places, plans, figures, gestures are full of sens. This analysis allows to review some stereotyped interpretations of the main scene, especially the “exemplary” one by Ernst Kantorowicz, who claimed it to be at the origin of the much later theory of the king’s two bodies.
Actual Problems of Theory and History of Art conference is an international academic forum held biannually by Lomonosov Moscow State University and Saint Petersburg State University, supported by major Russian museums. The conference takes place alternately in Moscow and Saint Petersburg. In Saint Petersburg, the State Hermitage Museum acts as its permanent partner. In 2018, the conference is held in Moscow, with the State Tretyakov Gallery as partner museum. The conference is dedicated to a wide range of issues related to history and theory of visual arts and architecture, conservation and interpretation of Russian and international cultural heritage, and interaction between academic science and museum experience. The chronological scope of this interdisciplinary forum spans from prehistoric era to contemporary stage. The conference welcomes art historians, culture theorists, archaeologists, art conservators, museum practitioners, and other humanities scholars whose research areas include architecture, visual and decorative arts.
This manual proposes the most important problems and methods of study of medieval images.
The chapter explores the semantics and pragmatics of the Russian temporal syntactic phraseme ‘X to X,’ (a construction characterized by a semantically restricted set of lexical items able to fill in its syntactic variables) which expresses either the speaker’s surprise at the fact that events go as planned (surprising punctuality interpretation) or the speaker’s surprise at the fact that unplanned events go as if they had been pre-planned (surprising fateful coincidence interpretation). While the construction is not unique, and occurs in other languages, its preferred interpretations are language-specific. The chapter demonstrates differences between Russian and English outlooks on time, based on their fundamental differences in linguistic worldviews. According to one of the central key ideas of the Russian linguistic worldview, events are difficult for human subjects to control, as they are commonly controlled by outside forces, such as fate, and therefore surprising punctuality interpretation prevails in Russian. English, which does not view punctuality as something out of the ordinary, favours the surprising fateful coincidence interpretation of this syntactic phraseme. The idea of fate in relation to temporality is also found in other languages, as demonstrated by Bernard Charlier’s research on Mongolian temporality in his chapter in the current volume.
Evolution of informational technologies in 21st century opens a door for a new form of both governance and political struggle. What is technology today, what influence does it have on society, why and how did mental and material changes interlace - these issues are considered in the article.