Кластеры в экономике: основы кластерной политики государства (начало, продолжение в №3 2010 г.)
The paper is devoted to the description of cluster policy basics. The meaning of cluster policy reveals in comparison with a traditional industrial policy. Cluster development is presented as simultaneously evolutionary and constructive process. The author analyses the place and the role of authorities in cluster activation and development.
Chapter 6 presents an analysis of Russian innovation system accompanied by an overview of state science, technology and innovation (STI) policy practice.
The authors cover the most urgent institutional cleavages, including the split-offs of science and industry, issues of institutional model of the R&D sector, sectoral discrepancies and regional polarization.
An outline of STI policy framework evolution is presented, including the most recent Strategy for Socio-Economic Development of Russia till 2020 topics. A special regard is paid to linkage-stimulating policy instruments, including grants for joint research for Universities, R&D organisations and companies, technology platforms, regional innovation clusters program and elaboration of innovation development plans for state-owned companies.