Индивидуальный стиль как система соотношений разноуровневых признаков
The article investigates system relations in individual style, which is viewed as a set of specific features of linguistic means typical for a certain author. The attention is focused on authorial metaphor occupying the central position in linguistic research, especially in cognitive linguistics.
The paper deals with the analysis of metaphor in the individual style of a famous American romantic poet H. Longfellow. The goal of the analysis is to establish the parameters of the author’s cognition, to single out statistically relevant tendencies in the creation of imagery of the text which reflect similarities and differences between the elements of mental picture of the world. Correlation analysis (Cole coefficient) of multiaspect metaphor features made it possible to reveal interdependence between semantic characteristics of lexis, which represents target and source domains, with localization of these lexical units in verse line.
As a result a number of statistically relevant interrelations, unexpected in accordance with common logic, were found. These interrelations shed light on not evident tendencies in the structure of authorial metaphor from the point of view of (a) structural and semantic characteristics of target and source domains and (b) structural parameters of target domain, on the one hand, and source domain, on the other hand. The obtained data can become the basis for the algorithm to model authorial style, namely its most complicated aspect – imagery and its localization in verse text.