“The Care of the Self” in the 21st century: sex, love and family in Russian Harry Potter fan fiction
The article examines Russian Harry Potter fan fiction as an anthropological source. The analysis focuses on fan fiction as a cultural practice, Russian online communities devoted to the continuation of Harry Potter stories and their common values, reading strategies and practices of writing. Given that Russian Harry Potter fan fiction writers and readers are mostly women, the author pays attention to gender norms as they are represented in fan fiction texts and reading practices. The article explores the central role that individual choice plays in fan fiction axiology, the representations of sex and corresponding problems of the language, the images of family which are produced and discussed in the community and the possibilities that slash as a fictional frame provides for the manifestation of the community’s essential values.
The article considers the phenomenon of nostalgia for the late Soviet times. The author presents the results of his observations over the nostalgia segment of the Russian blogosphere. The article is based on the concepts of the past, collective memory and nostalgia, which have been worked out by M. Halbwachs, D. Lowenthal and S. Boym.
Book of abstracts of the 13 Biennial Conference of the European Association of Social Anthropologists held in Tallinn, Estonia in 2014.
The report reviews the conference «Social anthropology in Russia as a research and university discipline: search for past and future» organized by the state university «Higher school of economics» on September 11-13, 2007 in Pushkin. The purpose of conference was to discuss a wide circle of problems of the position of anthropology in Russia. The program of presentations included three sections: social anthropology as part of a curriculum, social anthropology as a scientific discipline and peculiarities of the academic community.
This chapter focuses on contradictions in the development of social anthropology curriculum in contemporary Russia. Ethnography as a predecessor to social anthropology has been developing in Russia for several centuries as an academic discipline and occupation with a strong focus on folk culture, ethnicity. In Soviet times, professional training of ethnographers was offered within the Departments of History at several universities. The Institute of Ethnology and Anthropology (previously The Institute of Enthography) is the oldest institution in Russia for studies of humanities, which sprang from the Kunstkamera (Cabinet of Curiosities) founded by Peter the Great. This long tradition of ethnography as a scholarly discipline is based on field research with emphasis on ethnic peculiarities and inter-ethnic conflicts. In the beginning of 1990s, the oldest academic institution, the Institute of Ethnography of the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS) acquired a new name: the Institute of Ethnology and Anthropology of RAS, which signified a shift in self-identification of traditional ethnographers towards international recognition. A number of university-based and independent research centres were established in various Russian regions. The thematic scope of their research interests is wide and includes not only focus on past and present folk cultures, but also on issues of society, culture and diversity as seen in the programs of conferences and content of publications. The institutional resource for disciplinary and professional identity is a new Association of anthropologists and ethnographers that includes now more than a thousand members. The transformation of social anthropology curricula is explored on the national and local levels in relation to implications of the Bologna project and what makes social anthropology a distinctive area of professional training. The analysis shows that the characteristics of social anthropology education and training are defined as well as constrained by such structuring parameters as the conception of professionalism, highly ambivalent relations with contemporary post-socialist governments, the backgrounds of teachers and departments, a philosophy and ideology of diversity, reception of the notion of human rights and international exchange. Based on the results of analysing interviews and relevant documents, we will show contradictory processes in social anthropology curriculum in Russia.
The article investigates the problem of ethics in the media. On the one hand, social networking affects business ethics and employees behavior at work. On the other hand, the idea of ethic finds its reflection in the layout of most web-site, created for different purposes, even during elections. Much attention is given in the United States, where ethics has become one of the most significant priorities.
A joint research project carried out by an interdisciplinary group of Russian and Swedish linguists, sociologists and educators-psychologists (the Swedish Institute grant), besides solving pragmatic tasks of finding out relative quantitative-qualitative specificity of national cognitive representations of values, first of all, had methodological goals. They were to check the efficiency of the linguistic methods developed in this study (and, thus, to prove the theoretical ideas that served the basis for it) of getting factual data that allow reconstructing and comparing of the corresponding areas of cognitive representations.
The results of cross-cultural research of implicit theories of innovativeness among students and teachers, representatives of three ethnocultural groups: Russians, the people of the North Caucasus (Chechens and Ingushs) and Tuvinians (N=804) are presented. Intergroup differences in implicit theories of innovativeness are revealed: the ‘individual’ theories of innovativeness prevail among Russians and among the students, the ‘social’ theories of innovativeness are more expressed among respondents from the North Caucasus, Tuva and among the teachers. Using the structural equations modeling the universal model of values impact on implicit theories of innovativeness and attitudes towards innovations is constructed. Values of the Openness to changes and individual theories of innovativeness promote the positive relation to innovations. Results of research have shown that implicit theories of innovativeness differ in different cultures, and values make different impact on the attitudes towards innovations and innovative experience in different cultures.