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Article

Carl Rogers and сontemporary humanism

Journal of Russian and East European Psychology. 1992. Vol. 30. No. 1. P. 36-41.
Carl Rogers (1902-1987) was an outstanding American psychologist, the creator of nondirective psychotherapy, which has gained worldwide recognition, and one of the founders of humanist psychology. Thanks to Rogers's works (Rogers, 1951, 1970, 1977, 1980, 1983), a new conception of man and human nature was formulated in scientific psychology. This new conception differed radically from the psychoanalytic and behaviorist notions that had predominated; according to them, human nature was essentially evil and imperfect from the outset. Traditionally, the opponents of such notions, which go back to the postulates, deeply rooted in Western culture, of socialized (ecclesiastical) Christianity about the sinfulness of human nature, have been philosophers.