Распределение когнитивных ресурсов в рабочей памяти при вербальной и зрительно-пространственной когнитивной нагрузке
Вопросы психологии. 2022. Т. 68. № 3. С. 148-156.
Бармин А. В., Izmalkova A., Величковский Б. Б., Прутько Г. В., Чистяков И. М.
Effects of the Phonological Loop of Working Memory on the Productivity of Solving Mathematical and Verbal Tasks in Specialists in Mathematics and the Humanities
, , Neuroscience and Behavioral Physiology 2019 Vol. 49 No. 7 P. 857-862
The effects of working memory (WM) capacity on mathematical ability are well known. This relationship is seen mainly for the capacity of visuospatial WM, while the capacity of the phonological loop of WM, which is associated with processing sound and speech information, has been suggested to have a minor effect on mathematical ability in adults. ...
Added: October 31, 2019
Особенности глазодвигательных реакций как маркеры нарушений когнитивного контроля у пациентов с обсессивно-компульсивным расстройством (обзор)
, , , Современные технологии в медицине 2022 Т. 14 № 2 С. 80-98
Multiple studies in patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) became the basis for revealing selective attention, inhibitory control, and working memory impairments, which correlates with an imbalance in the activity of the cortico-striatal-thalamic-cortical circuit associated with maintenance of cognitive control functions. Patients with OCD often demonstrate changes in the parameters of target-oriented eye movement reactions being ...
Added: May 31, 2022
, Экспериментальная психология 2017 Т. 10 № 1 С. 38-52
The article investigated the role of spatial working memory in visual search for multiple targets, in particular, in subsequent search misses effect. This phenomenon is the second target omission after the first target has been found in visual search task. One of the theoretical interpretations of subsequent search misses is the lack of resources (attention ...
Added: January 26, 2017
, , et al., / Высшая школа экономики. Series PSY "Psychology". 2017.
Visual search for multiple targets is especially error prone. One of these errors is called subsequent search misses (SSM) and represents a decrease in accuracy at detecting a second target after a first target has been found. One of the possible explanations of SSM errors is working memory resource depletion. Four experiments investigated the role ...
Added: November 20, 2017
, Психологическая наука и образование 2013 № 2 С. 15-33
В статье рассматривается феномен «стереотипной угрозы» – влияние стереотипов на обучение и уровень достижений представителей половых, возрастных и этнических групп. Анализируются явные и скрытые формы актуализации подобных представлений. Описываются основные механизмы их воздействия (актуализация социальной идентичности, негативные эмоции, посторонние мысли, усиление самоконтроля, сложности в обучении, уменьшение самоэффективности, усиление мотивации избегания, деидентификация с областью деятельности). Выделяются ...
Added: October 28, 2013
, , et al., Plos One 2018 Vol. 10 No. 13 P. 1-18
We utilized the event-related potential (ERP) technique to study neural activity associated with different levels of working memory (WM) load during simultaneous interpretation (SI) of continuous prose. The amplitude of N1 and P1 components elicited by task-irrelevant tone probes was significantly modulated as a function of WM load but not the direction of interpretation. Furthermore, ...
Added: November 1, 2018
, , , Российский журнал когнитивной науки 2016 Т. 3 № 3 С. 58-76
This article reviews the research in visual working memory (VWM) over the past 20 years. We describe research methodologies in the field and focus on commonly used paradigms such as change detection and continuous report (including the use of mixed models for analysis) that aim to measure the capacity and precision of VWM. We also ...
Added: October 16, 2016
, , Вопросы психологии 2016 № 5 С. 126-134
The paper looks at the role of working memory in the effect of “misses in continued search”. The effect consists in missing thesecond target stimulus after a successful detection of the first in a visual search task. One of the theories links the effect to the fact that the detected first stimulus exhausts the resource ...
Added: September 27, 2016
, , et al., Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 2013 Vol. 94 P. 101-102
There is converging evidence that there are cognitive nonlinguistic deficits in aphasia and that these cognitive nonlinguistic deficits tend to exacerbate the language impairment of persons with aphasia. For instance, concurrent memory load or on-going interference (even when it is non-linguistic in nature) strongly affects accuracy and speed of linguistic processing in aphasia (Murray, 1999). ...
Added: November 1, 2013
, , Aphasiology 2012 Vol. 26 No. 3-4 P. 556-578
Working memory (WM) is essential to auditory comprehension; thus, understanding of the nature of WM is vital to research and clinical practice to support people with aphasia. A key challenge in assessing WM in people with aphasia is related to the myriad deficits prevalent in aphasia, including deficits in attention, hearing, vision, speech, and motor ...
Added: November 11, 2012
, , et al., Frontiers in Neural Circuits 2021 Vol. 15 Article 647944
According to mechanistic theories of working memory (WM), information is retained as stimulus-dependent persistent spiking activity of cortical neural networks. Yet, how this activity is related to changes in the oscillatory profile observed during WM tasks remains a largely open issue. We explore joint effects of input gamma-band oscillations and noise on the dynamics of ...
Added: September 2, 2021
, , et al., Frontiers in Psychology 2019 Vol. 10 P. 1-15
Visual search (VS) for multiple targets is especially error prone. One of these errors is called subsequent search misses (SSM) and represents a decrease in accuracy at detecting a second target after a first target has been found. One of the possible explanations of SSM errors is working memory (WM) resource depletion. Three experiments investigated ...
Added: August 20, 2019
Влияние фонологической петли рабочей памяти на результативность решения математических и вербальных задач у математиков и гуманитариев
, , Журнал высшей нервной деятельности им. И.П. Павлова 2018 Т. 68 № 3 С. 340-348
Working memory (WM) capacity is well known to influence mathematical abilities. This effect is more profound for volume of visual-spatial domain of WM, while volume of WM phonological loop, associated with processing of auditory and phonological information has no or little effect on mathematical abilities in adults. However the role of the brain language network ...
Added: November 29, 2018
, , Heliyon 2022 Vol. 8 No. 1 Article 08826
Every day we mentally process new information that needs to be attended, encoded and retrieved. Processing demands depend on the amount of information and the mental attentional capacity of the individual. Research shows that eye movement indices such as peak saccade velocity and blink rate are related to processes of attentional control, however it is ...
Added: January 25, 2022
, , Journal of Vision 2021 Vol. 21 Article 2169
Every day we encounter various objects in various places: whether it be morning coffee on the table, fresh pizza in the microwave, or clothes scattered around the room. Studies demonstrated that swap errors could occur in VWM - incorrect binding of object and location information. However, in realistic scenes, attention is guided to specific locations ...
Added: October 6, 2021
, , et al., Психология. Журнал Высшей школы экономики 2023
Оптимизация обработки и хранения информации в рабочей памяти осуществляется за счет процесса категоризации. В свою очередь, категория имеет ряд уровней: субординантный, базовый и суперординантный, определяющих специфичность и отчетливость репрезентации. Следовательно, уровни категории оказывают влияние на загрузку рабочей памяти и эффективность зрительного поиска – эффект категориальности. Настоящее исследование было направлено на прояснение нейрофизиологических механизмов формирования репрезентации ...
Added: April 24, 2023
Lexical ambiguity resolution as a function of working memory: eye-tracking data from agrammatic and healthy individuals
, , et al., Steam-, Spreak- en Taalpathologie 2012 Vol. 17 No. 2 P. 100-102
Linguistic problems of individuals with agrammatic aphasia are not solely restricted to the grammatical domain: a considerable delay in lexical processing was also found in this clinical population (Prather et al., 1997). It was suggested that language processing abilities of aphasic individuals is predictable from their working memory (WM) capacities (Caspari et al., 1998; Friedmann ...
Added: November 19, 2013
, Психология. Журнал Высшей школы экономики 2016 Т. 13 № 3 С. 538-557
Хотя взаимосвязь познавательной и личностно-мотивационной сфер традиционно привлекает внимание исследователей, анализ литературы показывает, что связи черт личности с кратковременной памятью уделяется крайне мало внимания – в сравнении с исследованиями роли центральных исполнительных структур рабочей памяти (Baddeley, 2003). Кроме того, в этих исследованиях речь преимущественно идет об отдельных чертах личности или о традиционных личностных таксономиях, но ...
Added: September 25, 2018
, , , Aphasiology 2017 Vol. 31 P. 265-281
Background: Overall, there is growing consensus that working memory (WM) should be routinely assessed in individuals with aphasia as it can contribute significantly to their level of language impairment and be an important factor in treatment planning. However, there is still no consensus in the field as to which tasks should be used to assess ...
Added: June 5, 2016
, , et al., Aphasiology 2015 Vol. 29 No. 6 P. 645-664
There is converging evidence that there are cognitive nonlinguistic deficits in aphasia and that these cognitive nonlinguistic deficits tend to exacerbate the language impairment of persons with aphasia. Still much remains unknown about joint impact of various cognitive mechanisms or their differential influence on language processing depending on the type of aphasia. The goal of ...
Added: November 16, 2013
, Мир психологии. Научно-методический журнал 2021 № 4(107) С. 41-52
The article deals with the problem of determining one’s own, non-situational function of a regular alternation of self-focused and outward-focused attention in the consciousness of personality. The methodological problem of the demarcation of the I and the not-I is discussed. The principle of their separation based on the choice of a particular person is proposed. ...
Added: February 23, 2022
, , et al., Frontiers in Psychology 2020 Vol. 11 P. 545304
General knowledge varies from one country to another; therefore, the mere translation of knowledge-based experimental tools from one language to another is usually not enough. This is one of the conclusions that can be extracted from the results of the Program for International Student Assessment (PISA), a measure of the knowledge achieved by 15-year-olds. Over the years, this periodic measure ...
Added: September 21, 2020
, , , Soviet education 1986 Vol. 28 No. 7 P. 8-12
This work will familiarize the teacher with contemporary Soviet psychology's progress to date in the study and shaping of the motivation to learn. ...
Added: November 21, 2013
, , , Психологические исследования: электронный научный журнал 2019 Т. 12 № 63 С. 1-13
Sensitivity to feedback is an individual psychological variable that plays an important role in the process of self-regulation. It represents the ability of a person to respond to the success of his or her actions and adjust the activity in accordance with the assessment of this success. The purpose of this research was to define ...
Added: October 26, 2019