Современные возможности и перспективы кинезиотерапии у детей с расстройством аутистического спектра
Objective: to study the influence of various kinds of kinesiotherapy on the formation of motor skills in children with ASD, as well as the influence of motor activity on social interaction, communication abilities, stereotypical behavior based on the analysis of published scientific data. A search was made for studies in the scientific databases MEDLINE® (Ovid), AMED, Embase, CINAHL и APA PsycINFO® in the period from 1995 to 2021. Key words and phrases were used for the search: “autism spectrum disorders”, “autism”, “physical activity”, “physical exercise”. 26 studies were included. The data demonstrated the positive impact of various types of motor rehabilitation not only on motor, but also social, emotional, cognitive and behavioral characteristics of children with ASD. However, more thorough studies are needed, which should include a comprehensive description of the population under study, a larger sample size, and a thorough assessment of the effectiveness of the rehabilitation impact. Methods of physical rehabilitation should be considered as methods that have a multifactorial effect on the manifestations of ASD.