Professional team sporting success: do economic and personal freedom provide competitive advantages?
Using Major League Soccer data from 2004 to 2018 seasons as a rich dataset, this study examines the role of economic and personal freedom at subnational (state) level in determining team performance. Inspired by public economics studies and issues related with labour migration, unlike previous studies, we investigate the relationship between the quality of a state’s institutions and team (frm) outcome. Our estimates suggest that un(freedom) has statistical signifcant and harmful but not large impact on sports results in soccer. The magnitude of the efect depends on the initial level of team performance.