Вазиры в административной системе Египта в период правления мамлюкских султанов Бурджи
The administrative system of Egypt under the Burji (Circassian) sultans was influenced by a state formation process that may be identified as “Mamlukization”. A facet of this phenomenon was Mamluk officers’ involvement in administrative activities. A new, non-dynastic political order had to produce an effective bureaucratic apparatus under Mamluk control. This paper follows the traces of the attempts of Mamluk authorities to find the optimal model to organize and to run its fiscal administration. The focus of analysis is the transformation of vazirat as traditional and important department of the administrative system in Medieval states of the Muslim world.
In 20th century D. Ayalon (1914–1998) raised some questions related to the evolution of the military-administrative system in Egypt in the 13th–15th centuries, but a comprehensive and systematic study of the problems outlined by this pioneer and one of the founders of modern Mamluk studies has not yet been carried out.
This article is based primarily on the inspection of 15th century literary sources – Arabic chronicles and biographical dictionaries. It illustrates by a number of cases a penetration of Mamluk officers into fiscal administration and considers this process as a part of significant social transformation and reconfiguration of Mamluk political elite, that was marked by some changes in succession pattern.