Общая теория институциональных трансформаций как новая картина мира
Despite the 20 years of economic transformation from the redistributive system (razdatok) to the market, the Russian modern housing policy has returned to the large-scale introduction of departmental and public housing and municipal mortgage (at reduced rate) for government employees. It resulted from the mechanism of market-razdatok equilibrium. In the course of historical changes in Russia it came through three institutional cycles. At structured phases of these cycles the razdatok turns out to be in the front while at the transformation stages a quasi market is formed. Both models generate significant outcomes but then face a crisis. This impasse is usually resolved by mutual replacement of these models. The new housing policy should synthesize market and redistributive (razdatok) mechanisms as indicated by the experience of welfare states' formation in the developed countries.
Modern science has proven that any communicative action is mediated by mandatory norms and rules that define mutual behavioral expectations and which should be understood and recognized by at least two entities engaged in communication. There is a huge amount of meaningfully close concepts with the help of which these “regulators” of communicative behavior are designated: axioms, principles, attitudes, postulates, norms, rules, discourses, conventions, codes, patterns, matrices, etc. The article proposes a concept according to which the process of modern media production is regulated by three groups of matrices: cultural, systemic and textual. They operate at all stages of media activity: in selecting facts, determining a genre, creating a text, etc.
In his article, the authors describe the main problems associated with the implementation of the Federal State Educational Standard to the Russian system of education, and offer their views to possible solutions.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.