Решения G20 о скоординированной антикризисной экономической политике и российский опыт
If you build the present in the image of the past you will miss out entirely on challenges of the future. The first meeting of the G20 leaders originally set up as the finance ministers’ forum at the initiative of the G8 leaders2 more than a decade ago in 1999 after the Asian financial crisis, launched a new phase of development both of the international financial architecture and the global governance system. The EU participation in the G20 has been full scale from its birth, unlike gradual inclusion of the EU into the G7 processes. The reasons are clear. The internal factor defining the EU influence in the G20 was the beginning of the third stage of EMU and adoption of the single currency. Success of the euro as the single and a second reserve currency, its establishment as a factor of the global economic and monetary system, defined the EU role in the G20.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.