Групповая психологическая защита в организации
Organizational culture presents an interest for research and practice of social psychology. This article is intended to discuss the problem of managing the organizational structure on two levels that contain most topical problems: general methodological level and technological level. Organizational culture is a system with its distinct features that consists of units and sub-systems with their specific features. An organizational-culture system comprises several levels: leader’s personality level (as well as the personality level in general), level of executive team (as well as of a small group in general), level of organization in general (level of a large group).
This paper presents the evaluation method, which allows analyzing both static and dynamic parts of the effectiveness of the enterprise organizational culture. Static assessment is provided by analysis of the personal and organizational effectiveness. Meanwhile dynamic assessment is based on "Mood Scale" by calculating three indicators - "Expectations Index", "Index of Motivation" and "Index of Cohesion".
Management action is examined as a part of organizational change models. Running of the organization depends on external and internal environment changing. Organizational behavior management is considered to bean important factor or organizational adaptation.
Traditionally, the effectiveness of the organizational culture is viewed in the context of the overall effectiveness of the company. However, this approach makes it possible to determine the share of the existent organizational culture in productivity of the company only hypothetically. The article presents authors approach based on the concept of «focal points» reflecting the degree of efficiency and stability of the organizational culture of the company.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.