Towards a Comprehensive Theory of Legal Harmonization between the EU and a Third Partner: The Case of the EU-Russian Energy Dialogue
The paper argues that a new comprehensive theory of legal harmonization between the EU and a third partner (Russia) is needed and sketches a three-level concept. The progress and prospects of legal approximation in EU-Russian energy relations are then explored through this theoretical prism. Two issue arenas of the energy dialogue are compared and contrasted (market-making and clean energy) to identify the reasons for the success of the clean energy agenda and the causes of failure of the market-making initiatives. Ways to improve the market-making part of the EU-Russian energy dialogue are also suggested on the basis of the three-level theory of legal approximation.