Предисловие к Софийскому временнику (Начальному своду): текст, язык, источники
This study is an attempt to look at the episodes of the Khazar tribute and Princess Olga’s visit to Byzantium (955) in the Poviest’ vriemiennyh liet (Повести временных лет) from the point of view of their structure. Thus, a riddle, as a part of the battle of wits motive, is proposed as one of the main genres that influenced the narrative construction of the episodes. Traces of the riddle can be seen in the structure that is called here „a riddle situation” and that shows features of the „question-answer” form. Moreover, riddles are used as subtexts; it is suggested that the episode of the Olga’s visit to the Byzantine Emperor unfolds from the riddle that appears in one of the Olga’s speeches – the riddle that is known from the apocryphal question-answer text known as the Biesieda trioh sviatitieliey (Беседа трех святителей).
The book is a publication of a full text of M.Kh. Aleshkovskiy’s candidate of sciences (PhD) thesis defended in 1967 and previously available only in a shortened popular edition.
The paper is focused on the study of reaction of italian literature critics on the publication of the Boris Pasternak's novel "Doctor Jivago". The analysys of the book ""Doctor Jivago", Pasternak, 1958, Italy" (published in Russian language in "Reka vremen", 2012, in Moscow) is given. The papers of italian writers, critics and historians of literature, who reacted immediately upon the publication of the novel (A. Moravia, I. Calvino, F.Fortini, C. Cassola, C. Salinari ecc.) are studied and analised.
In the article the patterns of the realization of emotional utterances in dialogic and monologic speech are described. The author pays special attention to the characteristic features of the speech of a speaker feeling psychic tension and to the compositional-pragmatic peculiarities of dialogic and monologic text.