Стратегические изменения в условиях кризиса и парадигма сохранения ценности организации
In article models of carrying out of strategic changes in conditions of financial crisis are considered. The author offers classification of strategic changes in the organization on which basis it is possible to define management types in a crisis situation. We consider four types of strategic management in a crisis situation which are directed on value of business maintenance. The general lines of successful campaigns of overcoming of crisis: fast reaction of management, concentration on the core manufactures, bases of anti-recessionary strategy are developed in advance, and the control of position in business allied industries.
Legal basis for expert activities is developing in Russia. Concepts of the development of the civil law legislation and information society, regulations for strategic management have given a new impulse to it. Expert procedures are shifting to network space. Their quality and efficiency are increasing due to the usage of Intelligent Information Technology and situation centers.
In the paper the matters of development of corporate governance and strategic management information support systems are considered. For management purposes related with development of such systems a methodological approach is proposed. The approach stipulates three management levels: upper (the level of the system in whole), middle (the level of subsystems) and lower (the level of development projects). General management functions such as design, planning and control are considered within the managerial scheme. Feedforward and feedback relations between certain management functions, including functions of different hierarchical levels, are described.
In the paper integrated information systems for corporate planning and budgeting are considered. Four groups of practical tasks exceeding the bounds of typical functionality of special-purpose planning and budgeting information systems are allocated. Several classes of information systems (simulation, statistical analysis, financial analysis and modeling, group decision making, business intelligence), which may provide the completeness of corporate planning and budgeting are denoted as solutions complementary to special-purpose planning and budgeting systems.
Continuous turbulence in external environment has resulted in significant change of company’s long-term goal: from traditional to value-based management system. This article discloses advantages and disadvantages from corporate strive to use balanced score card for maximizing stakeholder’s value (welfare).
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.