Towards a typology of pain predicates
The semantic domain of pain seems to be unique in that, crosslinguistically, it includes few predicates that are specifically dedicated to pain (like hurt or ache); instead, the major part of the field is constituted by lexical units drawn from other semantic domains, which are applied to pain through processes of semantic derivation (like my eyes are burning, my throat is scratching). After discussing methodological considerations concerning data collection, the article first analyzes the semantic sources for pain predicates and addresses the issue of their typological consistency, based on data from over 20 languages It is then demonstrated that the evolution of a pain meaning cannot be reduced to a merely semantic process, since the meaning shift may be accompanied by changes in the morphological, morphosyntactic and/or syntactic properties of the source verb. We suggest the term “re-branding” for the complex meaning changes of this kind and discuss their theoretical relation to the well-established notions of metaphor and metonymy.
In recent years, the strategic planning of spatial development is becoming increasingly important when making of critical decisions in management and economics. This paper deals with the issues of Russian and international researches in the field of system modeling implementation and how it can be used for support the process of spatial strategic planning in the context of theory of regional economic growth and development. The main goal of this paper is analysis the main domains or areas of system models applying. Scientific methodology of the research is based on system approach and comprehensive consideration of the processes of spatial strategic planning and modeling. Original contribution of the work is classification (typology) of models, used in spatial strategic planning.
This volume is a contribution to the typology of the category of aspect. Its aim is bringing forward new empirical data from languages not yet (widely) covered in typological aspectual investigations and to start or broaden their typological discussion. The articles in the paper are grouped in two sections. The first section is an account of aspectual systems of languages in four linguistic areas, including Europe, the Caucasus, Northeast Eurasia, and Africa and the Americas. The second section focusses on specific aspectual categories in individual languages or cross-linguistically.
The work reveals the characteristic features of the contemporary American press, its structure, typology, the system of regulation and self-regulation of the press, the changes took place due to the development of Internet. The article also shows the today situation in the newspapers market of the USA, changes in the activity of the leading American newspapers.
This article is devoted to the study of the population’s ethnic structure in regions of Russia and former RSFSR (Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic) as well as the temporal dynamics of major ethnic groups by means of mathematical and cartographic modelling. Integrated indicators are developed to estimate ethnic diversity in regions of Russia and former RSFSR (ethnic diversity index and its modification – ethnic diversity index adjusted for the ability to speak Russian), and cluster analysis is performed to offer typological classification of Russian regions based on their ethnic composition. Maps are created on the basis of the derived indicators and typological classification. Finally, the estimates of the share of major ethnic groups up to 2030 are provided.
The article examines cultural preconditions for search and classification of the types within theoretical psychology of personality. Special features of the European culture of thinking, cultural conditions of the historic emergence of the personality types, usage of the cultural experience for development of the authors' personality typologies as well as cultural determination and orientation of the personal traits are among them. The model of cultural and psychological typification of the personality relations based on the above preconditions is offered.
The paper is focused on the study of reaction of italian literature critics on the publication of the Boris Pasternak's novel "Doctor Jivago". The analysys of the book ""Doctor Jivago", Pasternak, 1958, Italy" (published in Russian language in "Reka vremen", 2012, in Moscow) is given. The papers of italian writers, critics and historians of literature, who reacted immediately upon the publication of the novel (A. Moravia, I. Calvino, F.Fortini, C. Cassola, C. Salinari ecc.) are studied and analised.
In the article the patterns of the realization of emotional utterances in dialogic and monologic speech are described. The author pays special attention to the characteristic features of the speech of a speaker feeling psychic tension and to the compositional-pragmatic peculiarities of dialogic and monologic text.