China's Healthcare: Developing a Universal Coverage Plan
Transition used to be seen as a unidirectional process: from plan to market, from public to private, from collective to individual. This research, on the contrary, focuses on the process of re-transition from over-marketization to a new form of state regulation in China's healthcare sector. Such process started in 2002 and included attempts to make provision of healthcare service a publicly funded industry. The new reform in China's healthcare sector is presented as a process of development of four medical insurance nets, namely UEBMI, NCMS, URBMI and BMI for migrant workers, and their subsequent integration into a universal coverage plan adopted in March 2009. It is demonstrated that after more than 20 years of marketization, Chinese leaders attempt to reengage with healthcare sector and make it effective instrument of state building.
In this paper we propose the software system CORDIET-Helthcare which we are currently developing in collaboration with the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Moscow Higher School of Economics and the GZA-hospital group located in Antwerp. The main aim of this system is to offer healthcare management staff a user-friendly and powerful data analysis environment. Using state of the art techniques from computer science and mathematics we show how CORDIET-Helthcare can be used to gain insight in existing care processes and reveal actionable knowledge which can be used to improve the current way of working.
The article in form of a dispute discusses the issues dealt with in the article by M.V. Chekmarev and A.S. Chuprov, published in the magazine Society and Authority. In the author's opinion mass society and market economy gave birth to society, which is a matter-of-fact realization of the great Enlightenment humanism project. As a result in context of marketization a transformation of core values of traditional culture took place. The world has entered a new modality of existence - the modality of possibility.
The book presents the most important aspects of safe digital image workflows, starting from the basic practical implications and gradually uncovering the underlying concepts and algorithms. With an easy-to-follow, down-to-earth presentation style, the text helps you to optimize your diagnostic imaging projects and connect the dots of medical informatics.
In the article the necessity of institutional changes on the way to sustainable ecological-economic development and the multidirectional nature of the process is proved. The authors offer the ways of forming effective institutional mechanism. And the features of institutional transformations in Russia are emphasized.
Over the recent years Russian audience has been leaving federal TV channels. At the same time, there is another trend showing the emergence of a large number of specialized niche channels. On the emerging market of specialized channels one can see a situation when there is no formal regulation of market agents’ activities that are fully developed and correspond market conditions. So far, public authorities and market agents make certain institutional compromise when sometimes formal rules can be partially ignored. So, we can expect some institutional changes in the nearest future.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.