Эффективность как критерий организационного развития вузов
The author of the article impugns the efficiency of consideration of productivity of activity of higher schools (universities) as a criterion of their development which is connected with the polysemy of understanding of the given term, the multi-purpose nature of the organization and the distinction of the subjects of the estimation of its efficiency. Simultaneously he believes that as the problem of development of science is assigned to universities in modern Russia it is necessary for the state as the only customer of preparation of scientists to show universities this order accurately and to give full state financing.
ABSTRACT: The article tracks the evolution of discourses and languages of university history writing in the pre-Soviet era (1755–1917). Vishlenkova explores the objectives of authors who wrote history on commission from the Russian government or administration. The article discusses the state of university archives and describes the analytical tools of university historians and the responses of contemporaries to the histories created by these authors. Despite a radical change in the historical-cultural context, nearly all discourses that emerged in the nineteenth century survive to this day. Moreover, they offer a historical basis for reforming the higher educational system.
In a low level of civic engagement is the driver of socio-economic development of the country, it is important to pay attention to the evolution of the institutions of self-organization of citizens. The article presents the results of an analysis of factors that contribute to self-organization of residence in the community of territorial public self. Using econometric methods evaluated the effectiveness of such communities. Found that the main factor determining the effectiveness of community is social capital, and the main factor of self-organizing citizens' desire to receive funding from the government. Scientific work is based on data from a survey of heads of territorial public self-government and municipal employees of Kirov.
The article discusses the deployment of a comprehensive reporting and monitoring framework used to evaluate the performance of state and private higher education institutions in Russia. By referring to diversified indicators including organizational, financial and economic, training, research, graduate employment, and other metrics, the authors spotlight key developments taking place in the Russian higher education system as well as areas where reorganization/optimization measures are required.
The world provides us a lot of opportunities. One of the main challenges for an organization is being safe with its focus on strategic goals and transferring them into results. Organizational project management (OPM) is already for a long time not just a tool or a method but a whole concept to model company’s activity. OPM is a systematic approach aimed at achieving strategic goals. The extent to which an organization uses OPM refers to OPM maturity. The study focuses on maturity models examination and provides a new model for projectized organizations. The results of this research can be used to assess and develop maturity in projectized organizations. The structure of the paper is as follows: a review on the evolution and general types of MM; an OPM model presentation the results of its testing in a real company; and finally the general recommendations on MM application.
Several approaches to the concept of fatherhood present in Western sociological tradition are analyzed and compared: biological determinism, social constructivism and biosocial theory. The problematics of fatherhood and men’s parental practices is marginalized in modern Russian social research devoted to family and this fact makes the traditional inequality in family relations, when the father’s role is considered secondary compared to that of mother, even stronger. However, in Western critical men’s studies several stages can be outlined: the development of “sex roles” paradigm (biological determinism), the emergence of the hegemonic masculinity concept, inter-disciplinary stage (biosocial theory). According to the approach of biological determinism, the role of a father is that of the patriarch, he continues the family line and serves as a model for his ascendants. Social constructivism looks into man’s functions in the family from the point of view of masculine pressure and establishing hegemony over a woman and children. Biosocial theory aims to unite the biological determinacy of fatherhood with social, cultural and personal context. It is shown that these approaches are directly connected with the level of the society development, marriage and family perceptions, the level of egality of gender order.