Человеческий потенциал российских модернистов и перспективы модернизации в России
The tasks of modernization of Russia which came into foreground during recent years brought the problem of its human potential into focus. Seven groups with different systems of norms and values that exist in Russian society today are defined and analyzed in the article. Characteristics of modern-oriented groups of Russian society are analyzed in detail, as well as their human potential. Conclusions about the role these groups can play in modernization processes in Russia are made. It is also shown how human potential with the highest quality is distributed in terms of location.
In article the picture of changes of standard-values system of the Russian society is presented. It is shown that, remaining as a whole neoetatcratic, it in last years has undergone the essential changes testifying to its slow washing out traditionalist kernel.
An a analysis of survey data on changes in the normative-value system of Russian society shows that while the system has remained neo-statocratic on the whole, in recent years it has undergone substantial changes testifying to the gradual erosion of its traditional nucleus.
In early 2010 Russia once again entered a turbulent period. From the system of property distribution, to structure of the political elites and relations between the Center and the regions - various spheres of Russian life are in a state of flux. Two major factors are driving this change: oil prices which are unlikely to grow the way they did in the 2000s and the rapidly deteriorating efficiency of governance. Relations between federal and regional elites, as well as public activism, are derived from these two factors and play an important role of their own. Will change take an evolutionary path or is Russia facing another revolution? The book offers a view of the Russian future until 2025 based on thematic scenarios created by an international team of Russia scholars whose expertise range from politics and economics to demographics and foreign policy.
The chapter aims at giving historical perspective for the current university reforms in Russia by tracing the policies of the Russian State towards universities on different stages of Russian modernisation. It approaches ‘Russian modernisation’ as a series of multidimensional transformations of the Russian society through the last three centuries. Despite of being dissimilar in their appearances, these transformations had two important characteristics in common: they were prompted by the idea of catching up with the more developed West and initiated by the State. How did Russian authorities conceptualize the role of universities on each of these stages? What policies did they pursue? What problems did occur when they were making universities a tool of modernisation?
The said article is devoted to the investigation of personality intellect attitude capable of cultural innovations. Attitudes for knowledge, understanding, interpretation, dialogue, reflection, wit and creation are taken into account in the article. The article also grounds that in its harmonious development, two-way influence and in the integrating role of the attitude for creation they add to the personality a creative quality and status of a peculiar thinker. The article under lines as well that a system of mature intellectual attitudes makes it possible for the personality to disclose cultural potential and to define cultural trends individually.
Cities nowadays compete for the excellence of their human potential providing better quality-of-life on its territories. Quality-of-life estimation is considered to be the performance indicator for city management efficiency. On the other hand, being subjective marker it reflects citizen satisfaction by the urban services quality that includes some extent of various life domains enjoyment. This study has attempted to assess the degree to which the life satisfaction affects the city satisfaction. Research examined perception of urban services quality in the main seven spheres (health care, education, social security etc.) built on survey of residents in Perm. Based on the results achieved we try to highlight the usefulness of the city satisfaction modelling to support the determining of the urban policy priorities.
Several approaches to the concept of fatherhood present in Western sociological tradition are analyzed and compared: biological determinism, social constructivism and biosocial theory. The problematics of fatherhood and men’s parental practices is marginalized in modern Russian social research devoted to family and this fact makes the traditional inequality in family relations, when the father’s role is considered secondary compared to that of mother, even stronger. However, in Western critical men’s studies several stages can be outlined: the development of “sex roles” paradigm (biological determinism), the emergence of the hegemonic masculinity concept, inter-disciplinary stage (biosocial theory). According to the approach of biological determinism, the role of a father is that of the patriarch, he continues the family line and serves as a model for his ascendants. Social constructivism looks into man’s functions in the family from the point of view of masculine pressure and establishing hegemony over a woman and children. Biosocial theory aims to unite the biological determinacy of fatherhood with social, cultural and personal context. It is shown that these approaches are directly connected with the level of the society development, marriage and family perceptions, the level of egality of gender order.