Логистические центры в транспортных узлах
This article considers various forms of interaction of the carriers and the reloading centers in transport hubs. Attempts to create the logistic information centers in transport hubs are estimated.
The export supplies of metal products represent one of the traditional areas of specialization of Russia in the international trade relations. The feature of such deliveries is the dependence of the contract price on the chosen method of transportation of the delivered products to foreign partners. An important aspect is to ensure the reliability of transportation. The authors of the article proposed a new criterion for the total costs presented, allowing to take into account the direct costs of transportation and losses due to a decrease in the turnover of cash with an increase in delivery time. A mathematical model for evaluating the reliability of transportation is presented and calculations are performed. Attention is paid to the construction of the information platform for the analysis of transport and technological schemes and to ensure the interaction of transportation participants. The formation of a single information space and the provision of semantic compatibility in data exchange based on the ontological approach are recommended. The approach proposed by the authors of the article is used to compare the three main competing options for transporting metal products from Russia to Germany. It has been established that multimodal transportation using rail, sea and road transport is most preferable.
The article considers the model of optimal hubs allocation within the intermodal transport network based on the system competitiveness criteria. The model is used to identify the optimal number and locations for hubs on the network of one of the Russian railway container operators
Using the city logistic concept, we have formulated the main principals of designing of the logistic systems aimed at providing resources for city enterprises and citizens. As an assessment of the city logistic systems, there have been developed an integral criteria of effectiveness which takes into account logistic costs, SNIPS (shipped not invoiced products or services), ecological damage related to different ways of supplies and types of transportation means being used.
The paper contains research of trade flows in the Russian Federation by using of imitation model, built in AnyLogic system. The results of the research show the shortage of warehousing storage areas in several cities, and the overall lack of custom terminals. The optimization of the Russian logistics requires 2-5 times increase increase storage areas in cities experiencing logistic problems. Construction of 40% additional custom terminals can reduce the excessive distance of imported goods by 100 kilometers. Almost all derived results coincide with estimations of professional specialists in Russian logistics.
The current challenges of many mobility solutions are based on an extremely fragmented booking system with complex service layers. A cross-company and user-friendly exchange of information and offers from different mobility providers is often not possible. Against this background, Distributed Ledger Technology (DLT) has the potential to revolutionize the existing mobility sector and enable completely new business models. Thus, we present a distributed mobility platform, which is valuable for a variety of mobility services. In contrast to conventional platform approaches, the data management of our infrastructure is distributed, transparent, and cost-efficient. By prototypically implementing the concept, we can demonstrate its technical feasibility and at the same time demonstrate that the introduction of our distributed mobility concept will benefit both the supply and demand sides of public transportation.
портовый менеджмент, показатели деятельности, анализ эффективности, система учета, распределение издержек, методы анализа деятельности портовой системы
At present many industries reveal tendency for setting up of vertically integrated companies (VIC) the structure of which unites all technological processes. This tendency proved its efficiency in oil industry where coordination of all successive stages of technological process, namely, oil prospecting and production -oil transportation - oil processing - oil chemistry - oil products and oil chemicals marketing, is necessary. The article considers specific features of introduction of "personnel management" module at enterprises of oil and gas industry.
vertically integrated companies; personnel management