Школьники в музее научной революции: Гуссерль, Койре и Башляр в дискуссии об общественном восприятии науки
In this paper we analyze the concept of "scientific revolution" in the work of the French philosopher, mathematician and economist Antoine Augustin Cournot (1801-1877). Cournot offers an original vision of the history and the historical process based on the concept of «chance» (hazard) which comes from his studies in the mathematical theory of probability. The history for Cournot is a combination of accidental and regular where the special role is played by great individuals. In science, it's great spirits who are able to produce a revolutionary restructuring of scientific knowledge by the discovery of new facts or by the invention of hypotheses that lead to improved organization and classification of the fundamental scientific principles.