Современные методы политических исследований
The modern state as an object of research creates the necessity for improvement of methods of political researches. The author proposes the method of political-law analysis. The law component of the method represents analysis of correspondence of actions of the research object to the norms of the Constitution, international human rights and freedoms acts and current legislation. The political component is based on exposure of political aims and the results of such activities. The method of comparative-institutional analysis is proposed in the article. Its essence is in comparison of different characteristics of the state to expose existing correlations and trends of influence. Initial data is the results of government researches by international and non-governmental organizations.
метод политологических исследований, сопоставительно-институциональный анализ, характеристики государства, государствоведческие исследования
The book represents the second release of the collection of articles published by faculty of the right of the Nizhny Novgorod branch of National research university "Higher School of Economics" and devoted to the retrospective analysis of interaction of the power and society. The big place is allocated for legal and historical and legal aspects of such interaction. The special attention is paid to history of public institutions and interaction of the power and society from antiquity prior to the beginning of the XX century. A number of problems of the Russian history of this period is considered on materials of the Nizhny Novgorod region. This book is dated for 70-year anniversary of the remarkable scientist, law historian, the famous in Russia bibliophile and the local historian – the doctor of jurisprudence, professor Yury Grigoryevich Galaya. The edition is addressed to the scientists, students, graduate students, teachers of higher education institutions all who are interested in matters of law and managements by history of state and law, study of local lore.
Imagine There Were No Humanities
Cet ouvrage vise à déterminer la manière de travailler qui est propre à la philosophie phénoménologique et à la montrer à l’œuvre. Il s’agit pour cela de définir le changement phénoménologique d’attitude comme « dé-limitation » de la vie de la conscience et la méthode phénoménologique comme « enrichissement mobile de sens », pour apercevoir que la dé-limitation, à travers l’enrichissement de sens, conduit à l’institution d’un nouveau mode de recherche. Mais de quelles limitations le changement d’attitude libère-t-il ? Qu’apporte l’enrichissement de sens qui soit proprement nouveau ? Dans quelle mesure cette « nouveauté » serait-elle instituée dans le cadre de la phénoménologie ?
This book examines phenomenology as working philosophy (Arbeitsphilosophie), that is, as an open research project. The main aim of the study consists in determining the mode of performance (Vollzugsweise) of the phenomenological work in progress. To achieve this goal we provide an analysis of the doctrine of attitude (Part I.), the doctrine of method (Part II.), and then the “flexible” architectonics (Part III.) of phenomenology. These elaborations enable us to thematize the de-limitation of consciousness (Entschränkung), the enrichment of sense (Sinnbereicherung) and the institution of the new as the characteristic features of the phenomenological method of operating. This research project requires a constant oscillation between an open systematization of Edmund Husserl’s philosophy and particular phenomenological analyses.
Political scientists and theorists have been writing a lot about modern citizenship as social institute and legal status for over four hundred years. As a result, the concept of citizenship has acquired a complex set of meanings and interpretations. In the article is made an attempt to systematize the concept and the practices of modern concept of citizenship in the context of the history of western world.
The authors considers Russian model of state modernization. They analyze different obstacles, economic and political forces behind this process and its pecularities.
The article deals with the processes of building the information society and security in the CIS in accordance with modern conditions. The main objective is to review existing mechanisms for the formation of a common information space in the Eurasian region, regarded as one of the essential aspects of international integration. The theoretical significance of the work is to determine the main controls of the regional information infrastructure, improved by the development of communication features in a rapid process.The practical component consists in determining the future policies of the region under consideration in building the information society. The study authors used historical-descriptive approach and factual analysis of events having to do with drawing the contours of today's global information society in the regional refraction.
The main result is the fact that the development of information and communication technologies, and network resources leads to increased threats of destabilization of the socio-political situation in view of the emergence of multiple centers that generate the ideological and psychological background. Keeping focused information policy can not be conceived without the collective participation of States in the first place, members of the group leaders of integration - Russia, Belarus and Kazakhstan. Currently, only produced a comprehensive approach to security in the information field in the Eurasian region, but the events in the world, largely thanks to modern technology, make the search for an exit strategy with a much higher speed. The article contributes to the science of international relations, engaging in interdisciplinary thinking that is associated with a transition period in the development of society. A study of current conditions in their relation to the current socio-political patterns of the authors leads to conclusions about the need for cooperation with the network centers of power in the modern information environment, the formation of alternative models of networking, especially in innovation and scientific and technical areas of information policy, and expanding the integration of the field in this region on the information content.
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.