О способах повышения языковой компетенции студентов неязыковых вузов на внеаудиторных занятиях по иностранному языку
This paper dwells on the importance of the elective course for first-year students who have not achieved the necessary level of language competence at school. Lack of knowledge and relevant skills becomes a bar to further progressing both in general and professional language. The paper points out the role of the elective course in developing language competence which will help students to be successful in the professional environment.
Language competence has become an important tool of business success. The review of the research data concerning the correlation between foreign language competence and the economic activity of European companies is given. The role and function of a foreign language in the company performance are considered. The conclusion about reasonable changes in the English language curriculum within the Presidential programme for managerial staff is made.
The command of second language intonation is very important as misuse of certain intonation patterns may result in misunderstanding or even break of communication. Meanwhile acquiring intonation peculiarities of a foreign language is one of the most complicated and least investigated problems in linguistics. The difficulty lies mostly in the intonation function, not its form, though the latter can be a challenge as well. One of the possible solutions of the problem might be specially-designed exercises aimed at developing students’ communicative competence. A broader context contributes to the adequate perception of functional, modal and emotional aspects of intonation patterns.
Technical competencies and specific engineering skills alone are not sufficient in the modern labor market but employers expect engineers to actively promote the products they create. Engineers often perceive their skills differently than employers do. Insufficient university training in a number of fields including the development of social, management and communication skills leads to an objective and understandable gap between the perceived and the required levels of such competencies. Based on the results of a survey of 3158 engineers conducted in 2011 in the Russian Federation, the study shows a number of deficits in the perception of innovation skills and the respective demand for these.
This paper deals with the Korean language education at the university and suggests new approach to introducing Korean language through “aspect teaching”. The scheme of aspects of language subjects is represented in this article. The Korean language curriculum, its content and vertical and horizontal relationships between all subjects are described in details.
The article is devoted to considering the purpose of foreign language training of bachelors for Tourism and Hospitality industry. Specialiattention is paid to the role of the interdisciplinary approach and psycholinguisticsas the interdisciplinary science in solving a number of problems associated with the formation of linguistic competencies of future bachelors. The significance of the research within the professional discourse as one of the most effective ways to achieve the objective is discusseed.
Factors connected to the results of PISA on the national level are rather well examined by now. But they are often described too generally and in correlation paradigm only and it is difficult to use the results of such studies in real educational policy. We shifted the accent from explanation of Russian students’ low results in PISA to higher difficulty of several PISA items for Russian students in comparison with students in other countries. When the question was put this way, specific flaws in skills and knowledge of Russian students came in front and became the focus of an experimental study. The results showed that higher difficulty of such items is caused mainly by their elements demanding specific subject knowledge. At the same time the elements that demand only more general cognitive skills in most cases do not cause increase of difficulty. The results show that widespread explanation of PISA results by suggestion that Russian schoolchildren have more problems with complex cognitive skills development in comparison with students in Western countries should be reconsidered.
Institutions affect investment decisions, including investments in human capital. Hence institutions are relevant for the allocation of talent. Good market-supporting institutions attract talent to productive value-creating activities, whereas poor ones raise the appeal of rent-seeking. We propose a theoretical model that predicts that more talented individuals are particularly sensitive in their career choices to the quality of institutions, and test these predictions on a sample of around 95 countries of the world. We find a strong positive association between the quality of institutions and graduation of college and university students in science, and an even stronger negative correlation with graduation in law. Our findings are robust to various specifications of empirical models, including smaller samples of former colonies and transition countries. The quality of human capital makes the distinction between educational choices under strong and weak institutions particularly sharp. We show that the allocation of talent is an important link between institutions and growth.