Дирижистские «ловушки» реализации федеральных целевых программ и институты развития
The article presents the experience of implementation of the Federal Target Programs within the territory of the North Caucuses Federal District and concludes that implementation of the dirigist model only does not ensure the desired result. It is proposed to focus the regional economic policy on development of the direct investment funds. Meanwhile, to take a region to the catching-up development curve requires a combination of the dirigist and institutional economic growth models.
In this article key approaches to an assessment of efficiency of processes of modernization of the enterprises are analyzed, the comparative analusis is carried out, the most adequate methods of an assessment of results od development of the enterprises are defined. The author analyzes the existing methodology of an assessment of the functioning of economic systems and proved the need of the analysis of non-linearity of a current of time for economic systems for the assessment of the efficiency of their development.
Through case studies of four Russian regions, we examine the trade-offs between social and economic policy at the regional level. All four regions studied seek to stimulate entrepreneurship while preserving or expanding social welfare coverage. Regions differ in development strategies, some placing greater emphasis on indigenous business development and others seeking to attract outside investment. Variation in levels of democracy are unrelated to policy choices. All four regional governments consult actively with local business associations while organised labour is weak. The absence of effective institutions to enforce commitments undermines regional capacity to make social policy an instrument for long-term development.
Two decades of market relations, specific ‘federation-regions’ communications, unequal industrial capacities and natural resources sufficiency combined with the global economic crisis and recent WTO accession are all features that make up framework of regional economic development in Russia. They exclude any uniform approach and require application of a flexible regional policy with due account of regional specifics. In this paper we examine the development of regional economy in Russia regarding modern conditions and analyse various approaches to designing adequate regional policy. Special emphasis is put on regional impact of the WTO accession and cluster-based approach to regional development.
The article explores the existing mechanisms and instruments for examining and realizing possible regional economic policies, as well as the current system of state planning, evaluation, and forecast for the Russian Federation. It likewise examines the formation and realization of federal programmatic goals at the regional level. The article demonstrates different levels of regional socio-economic development, as well as the necessity of supporting federal centers in promoting diverse regional development to decrease interregional distinctions based on the example of the Northwest federal county regions.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.