Формирование городских логистических систем обслуживания товародвижения
Using the city logistic concept, we have formulated the main principals of designing of the logistic systems aimed at providing resources for city enterprises and citizens. As an assessment of the city logistic systems, there have been developed an integral criteria of effectiveness which takes into account logistic costs, SNIPS (shipped not invoiced products or services), ecological damage related to different ways of supplies and types of transportation means being used.
The purpose of paper is to investigate how the interplay of commuting and communication costs shapes economy at intra-urban level. Specifically, we study how decentralizing the production and consumption of goods in secondary employment centers allows firms located in a large city to maintain their predominance. The feature of approach is using of two-dimensional city pattern instead of the “long narrow city” model.
The paper considers main world trends which are affecting to logistics development. Some indicators for describing logistics sector and logistics market are given. Special focus is directed to an analysis of barriers as constrains for logistic development: size/scale of national economy, industrial structure of economy, particular features of spatial resource allocation. As a summary of the analyses there is conclusion about underdeveloped logistics sector/market in Russian economy. In its turn exploring of new resources for accelerating economic growth in Russia is limited, and, as a result, logistics constrains for new economic growth stage are existing. Suggestions concern some mechanisms for transition to new stage of economic growth on the base of complex logistics development are given
The last years are characterized by increase of interest in the logistics of city transport systems (city logistics) representing the complex of logistic decisions, actions and processes. In the manual methodological bases of control of regional transport logistic systems of city level are explained. The main attention is paid to the theory and methodology of control of logistic systems of city passenger traffic, and also planning methods and simulations of city transport systems. The manual is addressed to the bachelors and masters studying on economic specialties, and also the teachers, graduate students, the managers studying and applying the modern optimization methods of business processes in transport systems.
This article considers various forms of interaction of the carriers and the reloading centers in transport hubs. Attempts to create the logistic information centers in transport hubs are estimated.
The topicality of the paper is defined by the world trends of economic development accompanied by the growth of urban population and the formation of agglomerations. Moscow agglomeration has a leading development potential among others.
Uncoordinated and unbalanced policies of various government agencies and monopolies as well as business structures can lead to irrational expenditure of investments and negatively affect the public interests: environment, level of prices for consumer goods and services, level of service, imbalance of labor market, aggravation of problems related to the labor migration. In long-run perspective it may lead to a slowdown or even a reduction in the gross regional product.
The article considers main stages of urbanization, models of urban environment development (functional distribution of infrastructure), spatial development of agglomerations (mono- and polycentric agglomerations), and main risks associated with the development of Moscow agglomeration according to the adopted model.
The work focuses on the necessity to clarify the boundaries of the Moscow agglomeration when the interests of nearby territorial entities are under consideration and projects of logistics and manufacturing infrastructure development are planned.
Based on the program and reports it was evaluated the effectiveness of remedies to develop Moscow agglomeration implemented by state and municipal authorities. As well, it was analyzed the potential impact of remedies on the interests of industries and social spheres that are related to the implementation of these projects.
In particular, it is shown the data on the level of development and geographical distribution of regional warehouse infrastructure, the provision of freight rail infrastructure, the problem with staffing issues in the logistics sector and the migration situation in the Moscow region.
The conducted research confirms the necessity to elaborate transport and logistics system in Moscow agglomeration taking into account all risks associated with side-effects of the program.
There are some key conclusions are received in the article among which: 1) it is required to coordinate programs on the level of the whole agglomeration and industries whose performance indicators reflect the decisions made; 2) the transport and the logistics system of Moscow agglomeration should be developed taking into account all risks associated with the side-effects of the program; 3) the second proposition can be realized via the creation of a center responsible for the development of various agglomerations; 4) the center mentioned in the point three should include not only state and municipal authorities, but also science and business in order to coordinate programs at different levels, provide methodical support and collect data which will be used to monitor and evaluate the effectiveness of projects.