Кадровый резерв и академическое развитие ГУ-ВШЭ. Результаты исследования как основа управленческих решений
Estimating mincer-type wage equations on the micro-data of Occupational Wages Survey, 2007 we first receive estimates for returns to higher education for all regions-subjects of Russian Federation. Our results show that interregional differentces in returns are very large in Russia. Returns to higher education received from the estimation of basic mincerian equation lie in the range from 32 to 140% (from the average wage of workers with secondary education), and the country level of return equals to 65%. Variation in estimates based on an augmented wage equation (which additionally includes industries and ownership) is much lower, but it still remains quite substantial: estimates differ from about 60 to 150%, and the country level of return equals to 90%. In this regard, the standard approach producing one estimate of return to education for the whole country seems to be a serious simplification, and an answer to the question what is the level of return to education in Russia is no more trivial.
отдача от образования, РЕГИОНЫ, РОССИЯ, Return to Education, Regions, Russia
Some problems of the logical process of forming of the social partnership institute are described in this article. This process is convinced as result of the evolution of professional education system. The basic stages of starting this process are evaluated including the forming of special legislation in Russia. Also the prospects of development of social partnership institute are estimated.
The paper uses meta-analysis to investigate the evolution of returns to education in Russia during the economic transition. We present the evidence of strong increase in returns to education in the 1990s. The returns to education peaked at 8% per additional year of schooling in the early 2000s. Since the mid-2000s the positive trend has been reversed. We find that the estimated returns are sensitive to sample design, specification and estimation methods. On average the estimated returns are higher if one uses imputed (instead of actual) years of education and estimates earnings equation with the OLS. Among covariates, the form of ownership and settlement type (urban/ rural) has the largest effect on the estimated returns to education. Regional variables have significant impact on the estimated returns only being included into the earnings equation at the oblast (province) level.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.