Вопросы контроля правоприменения законодательства в сфере доступа к информации: сравнительный анализ зарубежного опыта
Law enforcement control is considered as an essential part of the object of regulation of legislation on access to information and the guarantee of its efficacy. The advanced foreign experience in this field is studied.
Article contains an analysis of problems of access to information about state and municipal orders and purchases, The sphere of state orders is financed from state budget and needs in legal regulation which may maintain principles of competition, transparency and controls. Therefore legal norms regulating access to such information play an important role. They permit to lower threat of corruption in this sphere.
ИНФОРМАЦИЯ, ГОСУДАРСТВЕННЫЕ И МУНИЦИПАЛЬНЫЕ ЗАКАЗЫ, КОРРУПЦИЯ, ЗАКУПОЧНАЯ ДЕЯТЕЛЬНОСТЬ
The chapter identifies general characteristics and analyzes the key features of the regulation of the information with limited access. Special attention is paid to state secrets, official and commercial secrets, as well as to the institution of professional secrets.
The author considers Information Openness of social structures as the problem in the context of the general problems of the social development.
The article discusses some issues related to access to information about the bodies of judicial community and their activities. The author analyzes the regulations to ensure the openness of specified information. Particular attention is paid to issues of access to information on activity of the qualifying boards ofjudges on the formation ofthe judiciary. Basing on this analysis the author formulates proposals for changing the order of access to information about the bodies of judicial community and their activities.
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.