Партийно-политическая борьба в Великобритании в 1958 г. в связи с разработкой и принятием акта о пожизненном пэрстве
The article examines the problem of preparation and adoption of The Life Peerage Act, 1958, and attitudes to this reform of the leading British political parties and various public groups are analysed. Special attention is given to parliamentary debates and to effects of the reform on the process of further modernization of the House of Lords.
The attitude of the British main political parties to the need of modernization of the House of Lords in the 1910 's and 1920 's is explored in the article. The attempts to achieve crossparty consensus on this issue during the Lloyd George's coalition Government and the work of the Bryce Commission are analyzed. A completely new dimension in the process of the British House of Lords reformation in this period is viewed - the possible admission of women to the staff of its members.
This article analyzes the socio-economic and political conditions caused the need of the House of Lords reform in the early 20th century, the attitude of the leading parties to this problem is observed. The process of designing and preparing proposals to the principles of formation modernization and power of the upper House of the British Parliament is being learned.
This special publication for the 2012 New Delhi Summit is a collection of articles by government officials from BRICS countries, representatives of international organizations, businessmen and leading researchers.
The list of Russian contributors includes Sergei Lavrov, Foreign Minister of Russia, Maxim Medvedkov, Director of the Trade Negotiations Department of the Russian Ministry of Economic Development, Vladimir Dmitriev, Vnesheconombank Chairman, Alexander Bedritsky, advisor to the Russian President, VadimLukov, Ambassador-at-large of the Russian Foreign Affairs Ministry, and representatives of the academic community.
The publication also features articles by the President of Kazakhstan NursultanNazarbayev and internationally respected economist Jim O’Neil, who coined the term “BRIC”. In his article Jim O’Neil speculates about the future of the BRICS countries and the institution as a whole.
The publication addresses important issues of the global agenda, the priorities of BRICS and the Indian Presidency, the policies and competitive advantages of the participants, as well as BRICS institutionalization, enhancing efficiency and accountability of the forum.
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.