Differential Migration Prospects, Skill Formation, and Welfare
This paper investigates the determinants of economic growth, while
paying special attention to the role of export and spatial externalities. We hypothesise that not industry variety per se but variety of related industries significantly contributes to economic growth in Russian regions. First, we test for the existence of spatial dependence in economic growth across Russian regions using three traditional indicators of technological progress.
Second, we construct a simple theoretical model where economic growth is exogenously determined and depends primarily on export externalities. The paper shows that export externalities have a positive and significant impact on employment growth in most sectors of the economy. Simultaneously, spatially lagged export productivity has varying effects on employment growth depending on the sector, which is decelerating economic growth in industrial sectors and accelerating economic development in the most advanced service sectors.
This article discusses the key features of the formation of human capital based on social and cultural environment of the university. Highlighted the main tools and techniques aimed at increasing the efficiency of human capital in the modern university, based on the types of organizational cultures.
This article analyzes the consequences of integration in public education. I show that the flight from the integrated multicultural public schools to private education increases private educational expenditures and, as a result, decreases fertility among more affluent parents whose children flee. In contrast, among less prosperous parents, integration in public education decreases their children’s human capital levels. I demonstrate that the poor, who cannot opt out, incur greater costs than the rich, who can resort to private education. I also analyze the overall society-wide effect of the integration policy and derive a condition that determines precisely whether this policy increases or decreases the average level of human capital in society