Социально-политическая философия М.М. Сперанского: в поисках смысла политического бытия
The project of the state reforms of M.M. Speransky (1808-1809) is considered in a context of attempts of Alexander I to solve one of the major problems of Russia XIX century - the problem of reforming a state system and management. It is proved that Speransky's various works contain fragments of harmonious sociopolitical philosophy, rather modern and actual.
The issue is devoted to the creation of national traditions of lawmaking. The questions of delimitation of the law from all the legal acts in a historical retrospective are considered. The accent is made on the process of forming of the standard-setting activity. It is emphasized on the legal nature of ministerial creation of regulatory acts. Analogies of the pre-revolutionary and modern legal phenomena in the field of lawmaking are drawn.
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.
The lifestyle of the Moscow English Club and the modes of sociability accepted there after 1812 are reconstructed in Mikhail Velizhev's contribution. Modeled on a borrowed pattern, the club, however, failed and indeed never aspired to reproduce the richness and diversity of British club life. On the contrary, the meaning of the Moscow English Club rested on a sense of uniqueness and exclusivity that gave the noble elite feelings of security and stability in a world of social transformation.
This publication contains materials of the scientific conference on "The constitutional theory and practice of public authorities: patterns and deviations", held in April 2015 at the initiative of the Department of Constitutional and Municipal Law at the Faculty of Moscow State University Lomonosov.
The publication is addressed to teachers, graduate students, applicants, students of universities, scientists - employees of legal academia. It is lso of interest to those working or studying in the faculties of political science, philosophy and sociology of education, for deputies and members of staff of representative bodies.
Russian government policy on small and medium-sized enterprises initially focuses on copying and introducing western institutions and, secondly, on permanent increasing the number of organizations and forms of SMEs’ support. After several structural reorganizations government support for SMEs widely covered federal, regional and municipal levels of management. But even with the backbone of more than 30 billion rubles worth budgetary infusions SMEs support system has been unable to provide favorable conditions for the development of this sector of economy. The reasons for this should be sought in the potential and the actual place of SMEs in the current structure of the Russian economy.
The article is devoted to the problems of the effectiveness of legislation. It notes that the problem of the effectiveness of legislation is due to the quality of Russian legislation and the low legal culture of law enforcement. The author suggests a «Three Step Strategy» aimed at improving the quality of Russian legislation. The first step is the modern institutionalization of the rule-making process. The second step is the official training of lawmakers on the basis of a training course called «Normography is Theory and Technology of Rulemaking». Today, there is an objective need to include in the programs of law schools and faculties studying this course with the goal of training highly qualified specialists in drafting normative legal acts and normative treaties. The third step in improving the effectiveness of Russian legislation is the creation of a modern legal monitoring system based on scientifically verified and empirically tested special methods of legal monitoring in various fields.