Франсуа Мориак: писатель- публицист
The article looks at Mauriacs essays, articles and speeches as a major part of his creative heritage, paying special attention to his unique gifting in the area of journalism. The author of the article observes Mauriacs position of a restless Christian, and his deliberate engagement in key political issues of the time, which then translate into the natural integrity of his writing style retained all through the rich diversity of genres he employs in his work.
F. Mauriacs Bloc-Notes (1952-1970) is the biggest collection of articles of the eminent French novelist and Nobel Prize winner. As an engaged writer and publicist, he provides an acute commentary on politics, history and morality, constantly referring to his inner world. Animalistic characters illustrate human laws and contain a significant moral element, urging people to fight their inner beast.
Article is dedicated to the problem of the formation of Lev Tolstoy's world views and evolution of his views on the violence and the war. There is shown Tolstoy's way from the patriotic directivity to the substantiation of idea nonviolence and the nonresistance to evil by force.
The introduction describes the concept in the "hard"and "soft" sciences.
The article deals with the activities of B. Purishev as a Germanist - a scientist, a teacher, a researcher of medieval and Renaissance literature.
The book describes the concepts of chaos and order in the "hard" and "soft" sciences.
The paper is focused on the study of reaction of italian literature critics on the publication of the Boris Pasternak's novel "Doctor Jivago". The analysys of the book ""Doctor Jivago", Pasternak, 1958, Italy" (published in Russian language in "Reka vremen", 2012, in Moscow) is given. The papers of italian writers, critics and historians of literature, who reacted immediately upon the publication of the novel (A. Moravia, I. Calvino, F.Fortini, C. Cassola, C. Salinari ecc.) are studied and analised.
In the article the patterns of the realization of emotional utterances in dialogic and monologic speech are described. The author pays special attention to the characteristic features of the speech of a speaker feeling psychic tension and to the compositional-pragmatic peculiarities of dialogic and monologic text.