Сценарии устойчивого финансирования высшего образования
The paper presents the selected parts of the translation of the Chapter 10 Scenarios for Financial Stability of Tertiary Education of the publication Higher Education to 2030. Volume 2: Globalization published by OECD in 2009. It explores how tertiary education worldwide could develop in financial sustainable manner, providing an overview of the main alternatives for higher education financing today with an emphasis on different allocation models and suggestions on possible future scenarios for higher education financing.
An important component of these surveys is the assessment of competencies, i.e. the students’ ability to apply their knowledge and skills in non-standard situations, including those new to them professionally and found in everyday life, as well as the assessment of factors which contribute to the competency level. The article describes the methodology of the projects, the materials used for testing, the structure of the sample and whether a particular project has been implemented in the Russian Federation.
The outcomes of the review allowed us to conclude that for Russia, participating in large-scale international research educational surveys is a must. Among reasons for participation are the inclusion of Russian data into international databases and an opportunity for comparative studies and further analysis. These activities will help understand the strengths and weaknesses of the education system in Russia, assess its opportunities and threats, and apply the best international practices and experience in the modernization of the education sector. By learning from the outcomes of the above-mentioned surveys, Russia will be able to act more effectively in developing and using the relevant
competencies, involving people of all ages in education, popularizing lifelong learning to achieve the supply and demand equilibrium in the quality and quantity of various types of professionalized labour force.
The main reason of understanding the population successfulness in professional and everyday life is to analyse its behavioral characteristics. Modern trends show the overrepresentation of infantile traits, or infantilism, in society. Infantilism is a very complicated concept, related to personal and social immaturity. The authors explore the correlation between infantile traits and results in literacy of the Russian Federation sample gained from PIAAC database.
The given report is the result of implementation of the first component of the series of projects under the common title "Improving the use of economic instruments of water management in the Republic of Buryatia (lake Baikal basin)", implemented under the auspices of the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Devlopment (OECD) in support of the water policy dialogue in the Republic of Buryatia in cooperation with the EU Water Initiative. The analytical report contains the results of the analysis of the use of economic instruments of water resources management in the Republic of Buryatia. According to the performed analysis some conclusions were made along with identification of key directions for improving application of instruments for water resources management in the Republic of Buryatia for further development within the framework of the project.
Sustainable development, declared at the World Summit in Rio de Janejro in 1992, gradually became a landmark of economic policy for numerous leading countries of the world. Initiative belongs not only to the states but also to private sector in the form of big companies that wish to demonstrate their sustainability and reliability as partners, including not only financial, but environmental and social successes.
In order to develop common approach for reflecting environmental and social activities in corporate reports an international sr=tandard was developed - Global reporting initiative (GRI).
The main aim of GRI is to attain sustaibnable economy in the global scale when companies ensure reaching of relevant economic, environmental and social indicators, as well as adequate level of management system and transparent reporting.
The article also contain characteristics of environmental component of non-financial reporting according to the international standard.
The paper provides a number of proposed draft operational guidelines for technology measurement and includes a number of tentative technology definitions to be used for statistical purposes, principles for identification and classification of potentially growing technology areas, suggestions on the survey strategies and indicators. These are the key components of an internationally harmonized framework for collecting and interpreting technology data that would need to be further developed through a broader consultation process. A summary of definitions of technology already available in OECD manuals and the stocktaking results are provided in the Annex section.
The authors provide an article-by-article overview of the double tax treaty Russia-Argentina effective as of January 1, 2013.
Institutions affect investment decisions, including investments in human capital. Hence institutions are relevant for the allocation of talent. Good market-supporting institutions attract talent to productive value-creating activities, whereas poor ones raise the appeal of rent-seeking. We propose a theoretical model that predicts that more talented individuals are particularly sensitive in their career choices to the quality of institutions, and test these predictions on a sample of around 95 countries of the world. We find a strong positive association between the quality of institutions and graduation of college and university students in science, and an even stronger negative correlation with graduation in law. Our findings are robust to various specifications of empirical models, including smaller samples of former colonies and transition countries. The quality of human capital makes the distinction between educational choices under strong and weak institutions particularly sharp. We show that the allocation of talent is an important link between institutions and growth.