Современные тенденции развития систем управления образованием в зарубежных странах
The book of articles based on NISPA Annual conference final selected reports (Macedonia, OHrid, May 23-26).
The 1st International Conference on Electronic Governance and Open Society: Challenges in Eurasia, EGOSE2014 took place in St Petersburg, Russia from 18-20 November 2014. It was the first international academic event in the field e-Governance ever held entirely in the English language in the vast Eurasian region comprising mainly the post-Soviet states. It was designed as an opportunity for researchers and practitioners from Eurasia to discuss the use of digital technologies in and for governance with their peers from other regions and thus help integrate closer into a global academic community. Specific issues that conference planned to address focused on the current and emerging challenges these countries are facing in developing sound and effective e-Governance solutions that promote public sector innovations both in terms of administrative efficiency and governance openness. The goal was to seek other regions' experiences to compare approaches, solutions, practices and thus to raise eventually the quality of research at the crossroads of technology, government and society in the region, which is lagging behind from other regions. The Conference was seen as new opportunity for researchers to publish the results of their studies in the global context.
The article focuses on the development of a competence and knowledge paradigm of education, stages and outcomes of its formation in the field of public administration abroad and in Russia. The attention is paid to processes and conditions of development of the professional competences within the curriculum in the field of public administration.
At the moment of the Soviet Union’s breakup it was generally expected that Russia’s Post-Communist transformation would make a successful transition to a modern democratic state. These expectations soon faded away, but the need for institutions capable of supporting social and economic development remains urgent. This chapter provides a description of the Public Administration system in the post-Soviet Russia focusing on the political and social aspects of its evolution.
Moscow has unique context for smart city development. Historical background, cultural heritage were reflected strongly in Moscow urban planning process. The key idea and a challenge for Moscow Government is to control and manage effectively city infrastructure by saving costs and bringing new quality. Department of Information Technologies plays a key role in this goal implementation because the most efficient driver for this goal is information technologies. Moscow follows main world tendencies in technological enactment in education, road trafficking, healthcare system, public services provision, citizens’ security and privacy, interactive education system, housing and utilities.
Institutions affect investment decisions, including investments in human capital. Hence institutions are relevant for the allocation of talent. Good market-supporting institutions attract talent to productive value-creating activities, whereas poor ones raise the appeal of rent-seeking. We propose a theoretical model that predicts that more talented individuals are particularly sensitive in their career choices to the quality of institutions, and test these predictions on a sample of around 95 countries of the world. We find a strong positive association between the quality of institutions and graduation of college and university students in science, and an even stronger negative correlation with graduation in law. Our findings are robust to various specifications of empirical models, including smaller samples of former colonies and transition countries. The quality of human capital makes the distinction between educational choices under strong and weak institutions particularly sharp. We show that the allocation of talent is an important link between institutions and growth.