Развитие добровольного медицинского страхования: позиция работодателей
This article continues the publication of results in study of employers' relation to the health protection of their employees that was performed by the National Research University at the Higher School of Economics. An Information basis of the study included the data of sociologic questioning performed in 2010 for directors of big and medium enterprises and organizations of various economy branches. The obtained results are evidence of the fact that 38% of questioned enterprises and organizations entered into contracts of voluntary medical insurance and 10% had direct agreements with medical institutions. In spite of economic crisis consequences only an insignificant part of employers reduced expenses for agreements of additional medical aid provision for their employees in 2010, or decreased a scope of employees by these agreements. The overwhelming majority of employers sow positive results in investments of own funds into additional medical aid for their employees. In a majority of cases the employers embraced all employees in agreements of voluntary medical insurance and completely paid polices. Therein the employer placed the greater financial responsibility on employees themselves the higher the level of professional risk of work is at the enterprise.
The article describes the experience of designing project-based learning courses as part of the educational program "Applied Mathematics" in MIEM NRU HSE. The features of the organization of project-based learning for educational programs for mathematical sciences are considered. The results of the annual survey of employers, concluded that the need for various forms of project-based learning to achieve the learning outcomes claimed by employers. We suppose a sequence of the project-based workshops and seminars, as well as their approximate content. An important feature of the practice-oriented courses in the educational program "Applied Mathematics" is its interdisciplinary focus, including the projects carried out in a foreign language.
In the article on the materials of the author's research, the question of the attitude of small business employers to the health of their employees was considered and a conclusion was drawn that the lack of employers' desire to preserve this resource creates prerequisites for the growth of disability of workers in this sector of the economy
This paper discusses the data of sociological surveys on the motives and sources of attracting migrants, their legalization and the quality of the labor force, employment conditions, and the registration of labor relations with the employer. The surveys were conducted in selected regions and industries employing migrants.
The article presents the results of a sociological survey aimed at analyzing the views of employers on current and future forms of cooperation with professional educational organizations, as well as identifying barriers that impede the development of partnership between the two institutions. The research is classified as "casestudies", in other words, it analyzes specific situations that allow to get a picture of the processes taking place in this sphere at a qualitative level, to reveal a spectrum of problems of interaction between the labor market and the system of secondary vocational education. Based on the analysis of the materials of in-depth interviews, conclusions are drawn that there are currently no effective mechanisms for integrating employers into the state vocational education system in Russia. Despite the recognition of their decisive role in the training of specialists, employers prefer to participate in the training of personnel in a passive manner, without being responsible for the results of training specialists. It is established that the interaction models offered by the STR system do not meet the personnel policy of employers. In this connection, the training of personnel in VET is considered by employers as a long-term project with high risks of non-return of investments. Presence of own successful practices of training specialists within the corporate system of personnel training also contributes to reducing the interest of employers to cooperate with state educational organizations. To change the situation, it is necessary to ensure effective communication within the framework of the subject of cooperation that brings mutual benefits. Such a subject can be a joint project, the contribution to the implementation of which from the side of the enterprise and college is commensurate with the benefits obtained.
The authors of this work consider such a thing as voluntary health insurance, its prevalence among the population of Russia, and especially the group that uses the voluntary health insurance: economic, gender, age differences.