Российский бизнес на пути к более цивилизованному? Статья 2. Новое поколение деловых людей во взаимодействии с бизнесом и обществом
The book considers how to make the methodology of business ethics more scientific, especially its normative branch. Storchevoy explores the attempts of economic theory to contribute to the scientific normative analysis of economic behavior, particularly the welfare economics of 1910-1950 and methodological discussions of economics and ethics from 1980-2015. He then examines the development of the methodological structure of business ethics in general since the 1980s and the scientific validity of normative business ethics, including stakeholder theory, the separation thesis, integral social contract theory, corporate social responsibility, virtue ethics and other frameworks. He concludes by suggesting an additional step to make business ethics a more systematic discipline by developing a typology of moral issues and dilemmas. Business Ethics as a Science will be a thought-provoking resource for students and practitioners of business ethics and economists alike.
This paper investigates how owners and managers of Russian SMEs understand the terms “social responsibility” and “business ethics”. Also key features of SMEs’ responsible behavior are examined. An investigation, which laid the background of the paper, included gathering primary data through 57 in-depth interviews with representatives of SMEs from various industries. Research results indicate a gap that respondents have while identifying a subject of responsibility in their own definitions of social responsibility and business ethics, and in practical activities of their companies. Practically every second respondent identified ethical conflicts in their business practice and was involved in resolving them. This allows to conclude that ethical responsiveness is quite high among owners and managers of Russian SMEs. Socially responsible and ethical behavior of these companies is aimed at achieving long-term strategic advantages for businesses through constant care about customers and employees and fulfilling requirements of legal authorities. Social responsibility of small and medium enterprises in Russia is mostly desultory and related to core businesses of these firms.
The results of researching of differences in views on business ethics among different generations of Russians are presented. In research took part representatives of adult generation (33–72 years) and youth (19–28 years). On the basis of literature on this subject have been put forward the following hypotheses: first, for young people more important are informal relations, social communication in the view of young generation is the condition of business success, and thirdly, for the young woman leadership is more common phenomenon than for adults. By means of factor analysis it has been revealed that there are 5 factors which lie in the basis of views on business ethics in Russia. They are: «Business enterprise», «Illegibility in means», «Focusing on team work», «Neglect to business, focus on communication», «Straightforwardness in affairs. Significant intergenerational differences in views on business ethics of Russians» are determined. Significant distinctions between groups of young and adult respondents on factors «Business enterprise», «Orientation to team work», «Neglect to business, orientation in touch» and «Straightforwardness in affairs» were revealed.
This book suggests that normative ethics should be developed as a social science, and that this will improve its reputation in business and society. Storchevoy defines four criteria of a good scientific method (clear definitions, correct logic, empirical verification, accurate measurement) and demonstrates how normative ethics can make use of them. He provides a historical review of the methodological evolution of normative ethics and outlines how it was moving in a nonlinear way towards this scientific development by the 16th century. A Scientific Approach to Ethics challenges the reputation of ethics among many within business and business schools as unscientific and argues that it can come to be seen as a scientific discipline able to reveal universal moral truth.
This paper examines the changes in the ethics of business communication associated with virtualization. The transfer of business communication to virtual space alters the very process of interaction and, as a consequence, ethical principles in a professional environment.