Государственная поддержка семьи в Приволжском федеральном округе
In this paper we consider the trends of the changes occurring in the sphere of interaction between the institution of the family and other institutions engaged in the education and socialization of children and youth. The factors that determine changes, are considered the basic mechanisms of interaction.
The report investigates the relationship between the processes of transformation of the institution of family and the formation of valuable orientations of young generation. The report's conclusions are based on the data of statistics, population censuses and the results of sample surveys, including those conducted with the participation of autoread changes in the sphere of marriage and reproductive behaviour. The conclusion is made about changing the ideal model of the family, relations views about the desired model of the family and the system of life values, changing educational strategies toward the qualities that allow personal success and independence.
The monograph is devoted to problems of the analysis of the transformation of the family in Russia. In detail the role of the family in the modern Russian society. Describes the existing approaches to the transformation of the family and to identify the factors that determine the changes taking place. Special attention is paid to the role of socio-economic factors in the process of transformation of the family. Materials of the monograph can be useful for specialists, involved in the study of the modern family, the development of measures of family policy, demographers and economists, workers of social sphere.
This work looks at a model of spatial election competition with two candidates who can spend effort in order to increase their popularity through advertisement. It is shown that under certain condition the political programs of the candidates will be different. The work derives the comparative statics of equilibrium policy platform and campaign spending with respect the distribution of voter policy preferences and the proportionality of the electoral system. In particular, it is whown that the equilibrium does not exist if the policy preferences are distributed over too narrow an interval.
The article examines "regulatory requirements" as a subject of state control over business in Russia. The author deliberately does not use the term "the rule of law". The article states that a set of requirements for business is wider than the legislative regulation.
First, the article analyzes the regulatory nature of the requirements, especially in the technical field. The requirements are considered in relation to the rule of law. The article explores approaches to the definition of regulatory requirements in Russian legal science. The author analyzes legislation definitions for a set of requirements for business. The author concludes that regulatory requirements are not always identical to the rule of law. Regulatory requirements are a set of obligatory requirements for entrepreneurs’ economic activity. Validation failure leads to negative consequences.
Second, the article analyzes the problems of the regulatory requirements in practice. Lack of information about the requirements, their irrelevance and inconsistency are problems of the regulatory requirements in Russia.
Many requirements regulating economic activity are not compatible with the current development level of science and technology. The problems are analyzed on the basis of the Russian judicial practice and annual monitoring reports by Higher School of Economics.
Finally, the author provides an approach to the possible solution of the regulatory requirements’ problem. The author proposes to create a nationwide Internet portal about regulatory requirements. The portal should contain full information about all regulatory requirements. The author recommends extending moratorium on the use of the requirements adopted by the bodies and organizations of the former USSR government.
At present many industries reveal tendency for setting up of vertically integrated companies (VIC) the structure of which unites all technological processes. This tendency proved its efficiency in oil industry where coordination of all successive stages of technological process, namely, oil prospecting and production -oil transportation - oil processing - oil chemistry - oil products and oil chemicals marketing, is necessary. The article considers specific features of introduction of "personnel management" module at enterprises of oil and gas industry.
vertically integrated companies; personnel management