Местное самоуправление: теория и практика с точки зрения институционального подхода
The article is devoted to the analysis of the phenomenon of local self-governing, with a new institutional theory being the basis of the analysis. The article analyses the institutional costs of local authorities in small towns and regions when they perform their functions. These costs are, in most cases, unproductive, which make the work of the municipal governments worse. The author introduces a new term "unproductive institutional costs" and proposes their genetics classification.
The book is a first edition of a collection of articles published by the Law Faculty of the Nizhny Novgorod branch of the Federal Autonomous Educational Institution of Higher Professional Education "National Research University "Higher School of Economics". It is devoted to researching various aspects of the power and society interaction in a historical and modern context of the state development. The book is the first edition of a collection of articles published by the Law Faculty of the Nizhny Novgorod branch of the Federal Autonomous Educational Institution of Higher Professional Education "National Research University "Higher School of Economics". The special attention is paid to the history of public institutions and relationship of the power and society from antiquity prior to the beginning of the XX century. A number of problems of the Russian history of this period is considered on materials of the Nizhny Novgorod region.
The edition is addressed to the scientists, students, graduate students, teachers of higher education institutions, all interesteind problems of law and government, history of the state and law.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.