Реинжиниринг государственных услуг, комплексных сфер государственного регулирования: вопросы методологии
In this paper the authors analyze the optimization of public service delivery in Russia. The role of the optimization of administrative processes in the modernization of public administration is also considered; major activities aimed at the optimization of the public services delivery in 2010-2011 are described; some background information for decision making process is revealed; major methods of improving quality and accessibility of public services are analyzed; the key methodological approaches for the reengineering of public services and spheres of government regulations are presented. Basing on the researches conducted, the authors propose the ways of making the activities aimed at the optimization of public services effi cient.
Issues of ex post evaluation of mergers and antitrust bodies prescriptions are discussed. Among them: interrelation of enactment and enforcement from the perspectives of errors of I and II types in antitrust mergers control; probable consequences of mergers for competition; Аннотации к статьям 206 тьям № 1, 2012 comparative advantages and failures of decision variants available for antitrust bodies; ways of decision-making in expected merger. Also there are issues on efficacy of antimonopoly body decisions taking into account cost of monitoring, sanctioning of mergers participants, including influence on competition condition on relevant markets.
The system of statistical monitoring in the sphere of education, that was formed within previous years and met well the requirements of the centralized state planning and governance, but it appeared to be outdated in the post-perestroika years and could not adjust to innovative and rapid changes corresponded. For many years HSE Institute for Statistical Studies and Economics of Knowledge has been actively developing scientific and methodology base for information support to education policy-making. One of the most important areas of its activity is modernization of educational statistics. This article covers the evolution of educational statistics methodology in the post-soviet period, as well as recent novelties and key challenges that researchers and statisticians - past, present and future are facing.
In this paper, we consider the minimizing total weighted completion time in preemptive equal-length job with release dates scheduling problem on a single machine. This problem is known to be open. Here, we give some properties of optimal schedules for the problem and its special cases.
In this article we describe a system allowing companies to organize an efficient inventory management with 40 suppliers of different products. The system consists of four modules, each of which can be improved: demand planning, inventory management, procurement planning and KPI reporting. Described system was implemented in a real company, specializing on perishable products totaling over 600 SKUs. The system helped the company to increase its turnover by 7% while keeping the same level of services.
The article is devoted to the study of the authoritarianism prevalent in the mass consciousness of Russians. The article describes a new approach to the consideration of the authoritarian syndrome as the effects of the cultural trauma as a result of political and socio-cultural transformation of society. The article shows the dynamics of the symptoms of the authoritarianism, which appear in the mass consciousness of Russians from 1993 to 2011. This paper proposes a package of measures aimed at reducing the level of the authoritarianism in Russian society.
This work looks at a model of spatial election competition with two candidates who can spend effort in order to increase their popularity through advertisement. It is shown that under certain condition the political programs of the candidates will be different. The work derives the comparative statics of equilibrium policy platform and campaign spending with respect the distribution of voter policy preferences and the proportionality of the electoral system. In particular, it is whown that the equilibrium does not exist if the policy preferences are distributed over too narrow an interval.
The article examines "regulatory requirements" as a subject of state control over business in Russia. The author deliberately does not use the term "the rule of law". The article states that a set of requirements for business is wider than the legislative regulation.
First, the article analyzes the regulatory nature of the requirements, especially in the technical field. The requirements are considered in relation to the rule of law. The article explores approaches to the definition of regulatory requirements in Russian legal science. The author analyzes legislation definitions for a set of requirements for business. The author concludes that regulatory requirements are not always identical to the rule of law. Regulatory requirements are a set of obligatory requirements for entrepreneurs’ economic activity. Validation failure leads to negative consequences.
Second, the article analyzes the problems of the regulatory requirements in practice. Lack of information about the requirements, their irrelevance and inconsistency are problems of the regulatory requirements in Russia.
Many requirements regulating economic activity are not compatible with the current development level of science and technology. The problems are analyzed on the basis of the Russian judicial practice and annual monitoring reports by Higher School of Economics.
Finally, the author provides an approach to the possible solution of the regulatory requirements’ problem. The author proposes to create a nationwide Internet portal about regulatory requirements. The portal should contain full information about all regulatory requirements. The author recommends extending moratorium on the use of the requirements adopted by the bodies and organizations of the former USSR government.