Нужны ли России малые города?
The future of small Russian cities is largely dependant on the prospects of reconstructing their life on an innovation basis. There is a program of government support to monocities including small ones which was initiated in 2010 drawing funds from budgets of all levels. 48 investment sites have been created in 26 cities to start big projects with the participation of private business in constructing industrial and technological parks.
Nowadays small cities often lose population. In countries which are forerunners of the demographic transition, depopulation is mainly driven by out‐migration of youth. Through a case study of students from small Russian cities, this paper explores the nature of the association between local identity (LI) and migration intentions. The study suggests that young people with a stronger LI are on average more prone to return to their native cities after graduation. This ‘traditional’ relationship may be related to the difficulties in maintaining strong ties to a place of personal significance when not residing there in the Russian context. However, overall, youth tend towards a negative association with their cities and LI is formed as an opposition: the denial of place validity. Therefore, both way associations are possible. While a strong LI may influence the intention to migrate, it may also develop as an adaptation mechanism for those forced to return.
Purpose This paper aims to highlight the role of tourist gastronomy experiences and the possible contribution of the local gastronomy to tourist destination attractiveness and competitiveness. Design/methodology/approach The paper proposes a conceptual framework for understanding the role of local gastronomy in destination attractiveness and competitiveness. It is based on an analysis of a case study of Russian experiences in developing a gastronomy value proposition for tourists. Findings The paper indicates the potential for a gastronomy value proposition as this is important to tourists and it makes a positive contribution to destination attractiveness. The paper also reveals some challenges in the Russian hospitality market from a gastronomy perspective. Practical implications Several recommendations are presented in support of the creation of a gastronomy value proposition based on regional culinary heritage and local food products specifics. Originality/value The paper provides insights on the role of a given destination’s gastronomy in tourism development in the Russian regions. The study also contributes to the literature on emerging markets by providing an overview of the main challenges for gastronomy in the Russian hospitality market.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.