Нужны ли России малые города?
The future of small Russian cities is largely dependant on the prospects of reconstructing their life on an innovation basis. There is a program of government support to monocities including small ones which was initiated in 2010 drawing funds from budgets of all levels. 48 investment sites have been created in 26 cities to start big projects with the participation of private business in constructing industrial and technological parks.
Nowadays small cities often lose population. In countries which are forerunners of the demographic transition, depopulation is mainly driven by out‐migration of youth. Through a case study of students from small Russian cities, this paper explores the nature of the association between local identity (LI) and migration intentions. The study suggests that young people with a stronger LI are on average more prone to return to their native cities after graduation. This ‘traditional’ relationship may be related to the difficulties in maintaining strong ties to a place of personal significance when not residing there in the Russian context. However, overall, youth tend towards a negative association with their cities and LI is formed as an opposition: the denial of place validity. Therefore, both way associations are possible. While a strong LI may influence the intention to migrate, it may also develop as an adaptation mechanism for those forced to return.
Purpose This paper aims to highlight the role of tourist gastronomy experiences and the possible contribution of the local gastronomy to tourist destination attractiveness and competitiveness. Design/methodology/approach The paper proposes a conceptual framework for understanding the role of local gastronomy in destination attractiveness and competitiveness. It is based on an analysis of a case study of Russian experiences in developing a gastronomy value proposition for tourists. Findings The paper indicates the potential for a gastronomy value proposition as this is important to tourists and it makes a positive contribution to destination attractiveness. The paper also reveals some challenges in the Russian hospitality market from a gastronomy perspective. Practical implications Several recommendations are presented in support of the creation of a gastronomy value proposition based on regional culinary heritage and local food products specifics. Originality/value The paper provides insights on the role of a given destination’s gastronomy in tourism development in the Russian regions. The study also contributes to the literature on emerging markets by providing an overview of the main challenges for gastronomy in the Russian hospitality market.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.