О методологической культуре психологов (от монизма к плюрализму)
We calculate determinants of weighted sums of reflections and of (nested) commutators of reflections. The results obtained generalize the matrix-tree theorem by Kirchhoff and the Pfaffian-hypertree theorem by Massbaum and Vaintrob.
The article deals with proper using such terms as "system", "nonsystem", "intersystem" as regards the state legal institutionsinconditions of transition from one social system to another. The application of the system theory instudying the state and law for a transitional period is conditioned by the complicated processes taking place in state legal superstructure in the time of changing social systems. Taking into consideration these categories it is possible to comprehend thepeculiarities of coexistence of mutually exclusive state institutions (e.g. the institutions of Presidency and the Supreme Soviet in the USSR in the late eighties and in the early nineties of the XXth century) as well as the reasons of disparity between the republican legislation and the all-union one. The article is devoted to some aspects of constitutional reform of public administration system in the USSR in the late 80's-early 90's of the 20th century.The legal analysis of the constitutional reforms of 1988-1990 is taken as the basis.Particular attention is paid to the qualitative change of executive, legislative, judicial and constitutional organs of state power. It is concluded that the introduction of the institution of the President, the Congress of people's deputies, as well as changing the status of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR and the Constitutional Review Committee have contributed to the destruction of the soviet form of Government and a unified system of public administration.
This chapter consists of two parts. The first one presents a summary of the selfdetermination theory account of people’s good living and optimal functioning. It highlights three motivational components identified by this theory: psychological needs (needs for autonomy competence and relatedness), aspirations and life strivings, and the continuum of motivational regulation. All these components are considered in relation to people’s eudaimonic happiness and optimal, healthy functioning. The main conclusion of this section is that in order to be happy, people need to regularly and in a balanced way gratify their needs, have strong intrinsic strivings relative to extrinsic aspirations, and be relatively self-determined in their main domains of living and functioning. The second part addresses in more detail the controversial question of the nature of human autonomy as a fundamental condition for people’s thriving and flourishing. It provides a conceptual analysis of this construct, uncovers the mechanisms of its beneficial performance, and addresses a highly discussed question of relationships of autonomy and culture. This section ends with a conclusion on the fundamental importance of human autonomy for people, communities and societies to survive and thrive.