Based on the extensive collection of interviews with Soviet, mostly Ukrainian, Jews born before World War II, the essay examines changes in their reading experience and reading priorities from Bible-centered religious booklore to kulturnost’ of Soviet intelligentsia.
Based on extensive collection of interviews with Soviet, mostly - Ukrainian, - Jews born before the World War II, the essay examines the problem of religious observance and attitudes to it before and after the war concentrating on the circumcision, the first rite of passage, primal in Judaism and exceedingly dangerous during the Holocaust.
In the article, first of all, on the basis of "letters to the power," shows the dynamics of the transformation of the inner world «of the small Jewish resident» in the years of the revolution, the Civil war and the NEP. Also attempts to analyze the dependence of its mentality from changes in government policy on the Jewish question and outbreaks of domestic anti-Semitism. Deposited in the archives of the message of the leaders allowed, considering the specifics of their stay and life of the Jewish population within the former pale of settlement and in capitals, to highlight the most important features of the mass consciousness of the Jewish layman in 1917-1927's.
The chapter examines Russian Jews’ participation in Russian political parties as a consequence of their integration into Russian society, and the role of the Jews in various political parties in late XIX – early XX centuries, from social-democrats to cadets.
An analysis of the historical basis of Benya Krik (1926) film after I. Babel's script, directed by V. Vilner. More precisely, an analysis of how art transforms reality and then, in turn, forms our perceptions about historical reality. The film was quickly taken off the screen for 'poeticizing banditism'. The prototype for Benya Krik, the character of Babel's Oddesa Tales, is Mishka the Japanese. It was a nickname of Moisei Vinnitskiy - an Odessa raider and a commander of a Red Army unit, who was in the end killed in a Cheka operation.