The drag of photons by electric current in quantum wells
The flow of electric current in quantum well breaks the space inversion symmetry, which leads to the dependence of the radiation transmission on the relative orientation of current and photon wave vector, this phenomenon can be named current drag of photons. We have developed a microscopic theory of such an effect for intersubband transitions in quantum wells taking into account both depolarization and exchange-correlation effects. It is shown that the effect of the current drag of photons originates from the asymmetry of intersubband optical transitions due to the redistribution of electrons in momentum space. We show that the presence of dc electric current leads to the shift of intersubband resonance position and affects both transmission coefficient and absorbance in quantum wells.