Споры о святых иконах при Алексее I Комнине: полемические стратегии и выбор источников
In Middle and Late Byzantium, the historical memory of iconoclasm was revived thrice: during the reign of Alexios I Komnenos (1081–1018), after the Union of Lyons (1274), and during the Hesychast controversy (since 1347). These stages reveal differences as for the choice of sources and polemical strategies. The Komnenian polemicists’ primary sources on the history of iconoclasm were conciliar documents and st. Theodoros Studites’ legacy, whereas they remained ignorant of the works of st. Nikephoros of Constantinople, the main source for 14th century theologians. Rediscovering these texts, the majority of late 11th — early 12th century authors didn’t draw political parallels between the iconoclast era and their own times and didn’t bring upon their opponents a charge of iconoclasm expressis verbis. This moderate stance played a key role in healing the schism threatening the Byzantine Church.